||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
Víctor Varela (born 1955) is a Venezuelan-Swedish composer based in Gothenburg. His compositions include works for orchestra, vocal and instrumental chamber music, with electronics and computer devices.
Varela was born in Caracas where he studied musical composition, electronic music and piano at the National Conservatory of Music Juan José Landaeta, obtaining a degree in composition in 1987. Afterwards, he studied composition at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam (Composition Prize in 1993) and electronic music at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague. Among his teachers are Antonio Mastrogiovanni, Eduardo Kusnir, Ton de Leeuw, Louis Andriessen, Theo Loevendie, John Coolidge Adams and Trevor Wishart.
Varela's music has been performed at festivals and events in major cities worldwide, including festivals like ISCM World Music Days, San Juan’s Biennial of Contemporary Music, Caracas Latin American Music Festival, Inter American Music and Dance Festival, Green Umbrella Series, Stockholm New Music, and Gothenburg Art Sounds.
In Venezuela he received the National Composition Award and the Caracas City Municipal Award. In 1996 his Second String Quartet was selected to represent Venezuela at the ISCM Festival in Copenhagen, and in 2005 his Axle-asimétrica II was selected to represent Sweden at the ISCM festival in Zagreb. He has written works commissioned by the Teresa Carreño Opera Theatre, the Venezuelan Society for Electronic Music, the Swedish Arts Grants Committee, the Swedish Arts Council, Caracas Ensemble, Nova Musica Ensemble, STIM, the Stockholm Saxophone Quartet, Gageego!, Ars Nova, and Concerts Sweden.
Varela taught at the National Conservatory of Music J.J. Landaeta and at IUDEM, both in Caracas. He has also been a lecturer at the Universities Central de Venezuela, Simón Bolívar, Stanford, and Gothenburg.
Varela became a Swedish citizen in 2001.
- El Cántico de Khronos for full orchestra (1987)
- Two articulations for chamber orchestra (1992)
- Gemini Delta for full orchestra (2012)
- Axle-Asimétrica I for cello soloist and chamber orchestra (1997–98)
- Syntax for flute, oboe soloists and chamber orchestra (2005)
- Instrumental solo
- Archipiélago for organ (2002)
- Batacumbele for bass clarinet (2000)
- Crystals for clarinet (2000)
- Luna en refracción for flute (2001)
- Otoño-Occidente for piano (1994–95)
- Jeux de dispersion for piano (2007)
- Sabines Spiralis for piccolo (1995–96)
- Viola pomposa for viola (2006)
- Chamber music
- Axle-Asimétrica II for harp, vibraphone and marimba (1997)
- Claro/ Obscuro for bass clarinet and harpsichord (1996)
- Equinox for saxophone quartet (2002–03)
- In between silences for trombone and percussion player (2003–04)
- Miró-epsilon for alto recorder and marimba (1996–97)
- Second String Quartet (1994)
- Canciones de solitud y utopía for flute soloist and ensemble (2004)
- à trois for violin, French horn and piano (2005)
- Online for bass clarinet and organ (2005)
- Parola lontana for female voice and ensemble (1998–99)
- La fraîcheur de la dernière vêprée for mezzo-soprano and percussion player (2001)
- Calligrammes for soprano and ensemble (2001)
- Canto III for mixed choir a cappella (2006)
- Praeludium I for oboe, live electronics and tape (1988)
- Omaggio a Cortázar for mezzo-soprano & computer (1991–92)
- Logarítmica for percussion player and magnetic tape (1994)
- Hoover, Maya and Brandão, Stela M. (2010). A guide to the Latin American art song repertoire. Indiana University Press, p. 208. ISBN 0-253-22138-2
- Woodard, Josef (5 February 2003). "Latin America flavors fresh CalArts program". Los Angeles Times, p. E6 (subscription required). Quote: "Victor Varela from Venezuela and now based in Sweden offered another world premiere, Axle Asimetrica, a smart nervy puzzle requiring bravura ensemble playing."
- Sveriges Radio P2 (10–16 July 2006). Programme: Nu! Stockholm New Music 2005 (Swedish)
- ISCM World Music Days 1996, report by Reinhard Oehlschlägel
- Music Biennale Zagreb
- Kulturrådet (Swedish)
- Martin Steisner Musikproduktion (Swedish)
- Haglund, Magnus (9 February 2010). "Stenhammarsalen | Gageego!". Göteborgs-Posten(Swedish)
- Biography, Victor Varela Homepage
- Walt Disney Concert Hall, about the piece
- Kevin Bowyer Glasgow Pipeworks
- Nothing but music. Satoko Inoue Piano Concert
- Stephen Fitzpatrick repertoire
- Göteborgs Symfonikers Vänner (Swedish)
- Works written for Harry Sparnnay
- Arocha, Marianela and Izarra, Adina (June 2009). "Relationships between instrumental music and Electronic resources in the Venezuelan repertoire of mix music". Proceedings of the Electroacoustic Music Studies Network Conference "Heritage and future", p. 3
- Los Angeles Philharmonic Association
- Swedish Performing Rights Society
- Victor Varela Homepage (official website)