Vímara Peres

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Vímara Peres
Vimaraperes.jpg
Equestrian statue of Vímara Peres in Porto
Count of Portucale
Reign 868–873
Successor Lucídio Vimaranes
Died 873
A Coruña, Kingdom of Galicia

Vímara Peres,[a] Vímara Pérez in Spanish, (died in Galicia, 873),[1] was a ninth-century nobleman from the Kingdom of Asturias and the first ruler of the County of Portugal.

Life[edit]

Family[edit]

His father, Pedro Theón (d. after 867), sometimes called Pedro Theón of Pravia, and possibly the son of Bermudo I of Asturias, was a member of the Curia Regis of King Alfonso III and appears in January 867 confirming a royal charter jointly with other nobles, including Count Rodrigo of Castile.[2] Pedro was actively involved in the Reconquista and was also responsible for ousting and defeating the Vikings when they invaded Galicia in 858.[3] Besides Vímara, Pedro was also the father of Hermenegildo Pérez.[4]

Count[edit]

Vímara was a vassal of the King of Asturias, Alfonso III, and was sent to reconquer and secure from the Moors (Arabs and Berbers who had invaded Visigothic Hispania), in the west coastal fringe of Gallaecia, the area from the Minho River to the Douro River, including the city of Portus Cale, later Porto and Gaia, from where the name of Portugal emerged.

The Kingdom of Asturias was divided internally into several counties or royal provinces. Portus Cale was one of these asturian counties. In 868, Vímara Peres was named Count of Portugal by King Alfonso III after the reconquest of the region north of the Douro river.[1][5] Later Portuguese historians viewed this event as the earliest milestone in the history of the state of Portugal, although Portugal did not achieve independence until the 12th century.

He was able to expel the Moors and founded a fortified town under his own name Vimaranis (of Vimar) which later became Guimaranis, present day Guimarães (the Portuguese call it "The Cradle City"). Vímara Peres died in 873 in the territory of A Coruña.[1]

Issue[edit]

Although the identity of his wife is not recorded in any contemporary charters, her name could have been Trudildi. If that was the case, Vímara would have been the father of:

Despite the lack of documentary proof, most historians agree that he was the father of:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From Vímara (Weimar or Guimar) and the patronymic Peres (son of PedroPeter).
  2. ^ Audivia was the daughter of a Vimara and Trudildi. Although the name of Vímara's wife is not recorded, Audivia, married to count Gutierre Aloítez (died after 963) is recorded as being the daughter of a Vímara and Trudildi, a name quite frequent among the nobility of Portugal and Galicia in the middle of the 10th-century. Historian Margarita Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León believes that Audivia, for chronological reasons and because Vímara was an uncommon name, was the daughter of Count Vímara Peres and that Vímara's wife could have been this Trudildi.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mattoso 1981, p. 106.
  2. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p. 159.
  3. ^ Miguens Narvaiz 2010, pp. 133–134.
  4. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 417.
  5. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p. 161.
  6. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1998, p. 304, n. 21.
  7. ^ Sáez 1947, p. 21.
  8. ^ Mattoso 1981, pp. 106 and 145.

Bibliography[edit]


External links[edit]

New title Count of Portucale
868–873
Succeeded by
Lucídio Vimaranes