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Kohnová was born in Plzeň in 1929, into the family of Otakar Kohn, a secretary for the Teller company. At the age of twelve she began keeping a diary. She wrote in it for five months, during which time the situation of her family and other Jews in Plzeň gradually worsened. She didn't describe the fate of Jews of the time but wrote mainly about her personal feelings. The last entry in her diary is, "We are here just tomorrow and after tomorrow, who knows what will be then. Bye-bye, my diary!".
On 22 January 1942, the family was put on transport "S" to Theresienstadt. The last record of Věra Kohnová comes from 11 March, when she left Theresienstadt on a transport for another Nazi camp in Izbica—a transfer station to the extermination camps. Although she and her family did not survive, her diary was hidden by Marie Kalivodová and Miroslav Matouš for 65 years.
In 2006, the diary was published as a book in Czech, English and German (Czech title: Deník - Věra Kohnová, English: The Diary of Vera Kohnova, German: Das Tagebuch der Vera Kohnova), ISBN 80-86057-40-2.
- Hélène Berr - a French diarist
- Hana Brady - Jewish girl and holocaust victim; subject of the children's book Hana's Suitcase
- Helga Deen – wrote a diary in Herzogenbusch concentration camp (Camp Vught)
- Anne Frank - a Jewish girl an holocaust victim; author of The Diary of a Young Girl
- Etty Hillesum – wrote a diary in Amsterdam and Camp Westerbork
- Etty Hillesum and the Flow of Presence: A Voegelinian Analysis
- David Koker – wrote a diary in Herzogenbusch concentration camp (Camp Vught)
- Janet Langhart – Writer of one act play "Anne and Emmett"
- Rutka Laskier - a Polish diarist
- List of diarists
- List of posthumous publications of Holocaust victims
- Sam Pivnik
- Rainer Maria Rilke, a German poet who influenced her thoughts and diary writings.
- Tanya Savicheva
- Sophie Scholl - German student executed by the Nazis
- Henio Zytomirski - Polish boy who was a holocaust victim