V. C. Wynne-Edwards

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Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards
V. C. Wynne-Edwards.gif
Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards
Born (1906-07-04)4 July 1906
Leeds
Died 5 January 1997(1997-01-05) (aged 90)
Banchory
Citizenship United Kingdom
Nationality English
Fields zoology
Alma mater New College, Oxford
Known for group selection
Notable awards Neil Prize, Walker Prize

Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards CBE,[1] FRS,[2] FRSE (4 July 1906 — 5 January 1997) was an English zoologist.

He was best known for espousing group selection, most notably in his 1962 book, Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behavior. In it, he argued that many behaviors are adaptations of the group, rather than adaptations of the individual, and that populations have adaptive self-regulatory mechanisms. His arguments were vigorously criticised by George C. Williams in his Adaptation and Natural Selection, as well as by Richard Dawkins in The Selfish Gene.

In 1970 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. His candidature citation read "Wynne-Edwards is noted for his many contributions to ecology. His early work was on social and other forms of rhythmic behaviour in birds. Later work on North Atlantic birds disclosed the existence of inshore, offshore and pelagic zones, each with a characteristic avian fauna. These categories have been found to apply generally to all oceans, and have been adopted as standard by later authors. His most important work has been on population dynamics in relation to social behaviour. It provides an hypothesis of homeostatic control of population density in animals at an optimum level, with a primary and universal function of sociality. Wynne-Edwards directs two research teams devoted to this work. He has also published papers on the animals and plants of the Arctic" [3]

His son Hugh Wynne-Edwards is a professor of geology, and his granddaughter Kathy Wynne-Edwards a professor of biology at Queen's University.

Books[edit]

  • Wynne-Edwards, V.C. 1962. Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behavior. Oliver & Boyd, London.
  • Wynne-Edwards, Verd Copner (1986). Evolution through group selection. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific. ISBN 0-632-01541-1. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45860. pp. 7–8. 29 December 1972. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
  2. ^ Newton, I. (1998). "Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards, C. B. E.. 4 July 1906-5 January 1997". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 44: 473. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0030.  edit
  3. ^ "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Borrello, Mark E (2005). "The rise, fall and resurrection of group selection.". Endeavour 29 (1) (Mar 2005). pp. 43–7. doi:10.1016/j.endeavour.2004.11.003. PMID 15749153 
  • Borrello, Mark E (2004). ""Mutual aid" and "animal dispersion": an historical analysis of alternatives to Darwin". Perspect. Biol. Med. 47 (1). pp. 15–31. doi:10.1353/pbm.2004.0003. PMID 15061166 
  • Williams, G.C. 1966. Adaptation and Natural Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.
  • Williams, G.C. (Ed.) 1971 Group Selection. Aldine·Atherton, Chicago, IL.

Further reading[edit]

Borrello, Mark E. (1970–80). "Wynne-Edwards, Vero Copner". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 25. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 376–380. ISBN 0684101149. 

External links[edit]