Vsevolod Klechkovsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from V.M. Klechkovsky)
Jump to: navigation, search
V.M. Klechkovsky
Born (1900-11-28)November 28, 1900
Moscow
Died May 2, 1972(1972-05-02) (aged 71)
Moscow
Occupation Chemist
Known for Radioisotope studies of plant nutrition.
Rule for ordering atomic orbital energies.

Vsevolod Mavrikievich Klechkovsky (Все́волод Маври́киевич Клечко́вский), also transliterated as Klechkovskii and Klechkowski (November 28, 1900 in Moscow - May 2, 1972 in Moscow) was a Soviet-era agricultural chemist known for his work with radioisotopes.

He graduated in 1929 from the Moscow agricultural academy and worked there from 1930. He became a professor in 1955, and an academician of the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences of the Soviet Union (known as VASKhNIL) in 1956.

His use of isotopic labeling in the advance of soil chemistry led to his being considered a founder of agricultural radiology.[1][2] He was one of the first to study plant nutrition using radioisotopes, for which he received a Stalin prize in 1952 along with his academy co-workers. He studied the behavior of heavy nuclei daughter isotopes in soils.

Following the 1957 Kyshtym disaster, Klechkovsky led the research projects studying the long-term effects of radioactive contamination at the site.[3]

Klechkovsky also studied theoretical chemistry, and proposed a theoretical justification of the empirical Madelung rule for the ordering of atomic orbital energies.[4][5] This rule is therefore sometimes called Klechkovsky's rule, especially in Russian and in French sources.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newsletter of the International Union of Radioecology #43, September 2005, "The XXXIII annual radioecological readings were held in Obninsk, October 21, 2004, and were dedicated to the memory of V.M. Klechkovsky (1900-1972), one of the founders of agricultural radiology."
  2. ^ Radiation Risk Estimates in Normal and Emergency Situations: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Impact of Radiation Risk Estimates in Normal and Emergency Situations, Yerevan, Armenia, September 8-11 2005; ed. Arrigno A. Cigna and Marco Durante; Springer
  3. ^ Review of Nuclear Disaster in the Urals by Zhores A. Medvedev in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, April 1980
  4. ^ Klechkovsky, V. M. Zh. Exsperim. i Teor. Fiz., 41.465 (1962). [Translation: Soviet Physics J. Expt, and Theor. Phys. 14,334 (1962)]
  5. ^ Wong, D. Pan (1979). "Theoretical justification of Madelung's rule". J. Chem. Ed. 56 (11): 714–18. Bibcode:1979JChEd..56..714W. doi:10.1021/ed056p714.