Janaki Ramachandran

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Janaki Ramachandran
Janaki Ramachandran VNJ.jpg
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Constituency Andipatti
Personal details
Born 1923
Vaikom, Kerala
Died May 19, 1996(1996-05-19) (aged 72)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Political party ADMK
Spouse(s) M G Ramachandran,Ganapati Bhat [1]
Children J Surendran
Occupation Actor, Politician

Janaki Ramachandran, popularly known as V.N. Janaki (November 30, 1923 – May 19, 1996), was an Indian Tamil actress and politician.

Early Life[edit]

She was born to Rajagopal Iyer and Narayani Amma in the town of Vaikom in Kerala State. She had a brother P. Narayanan who was an educationalist. Her father's younger brother was Papanasam Sivan. Janaki's first husband was Ganapathy Bhat (a minor actor), with whom she had a son named Surendran when she was 16. Janaki was a successful actress in late 1940s and starred in more than 25 movies including Mohini, Raja Mukthi, Velaikaari, Aiyiram Thalaivangiya Aboorva Chintamani, Devaki and Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi. She starred opposite M. G. Ramachandran in many films whom she later married. [2] M.G.Ramachandran had written in his autobiography that in late 1940s and in 1950, Janaki was earning double the income he received as an actor.

Political Career[edit]

When M. G. Ramachandran died in 1987, she succeeded him as the first woman Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and the Leader of the AIADMK party (which later split into two factions). Janaki Ramachandran became Chief minister in January 1988 after her husband's death, but the government lasted only 24 days, the shortest in the history of Tamil Nadu. Her ministry won the vote of confidence of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in January 1988 but the Central Government under the late Rajiv Gandhi used Article 356 of the Constitution of India to dismiss her government. Her party was defeated in the next elections held in 1989 and she quit politics after the unification of the two factions of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam .[3]


She died of a cardiac arrest on 19 May 1996.

After Death[edit]

Janaki Ramachandran gifted her property in Avvai Shanmugham Salai (Lloyds Road) in favour of her husband and is the headquarters of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party in 1986. She also willed her property in Arcot Street in T.Nagar to set up the Dr.MGR Memorial House in 1988.[4] She was the founder chairman of The Satya Educational & Charitable Society managing many free educational institutions in Chennai. She gave property worth many million dollars[5] for the establishment of educational and charitable institutions in Tamil Nadu. She was also instrumental in setting up the Janaki Ramachandran Educational & Charitable Trust which is currently administering institutions. Most of the lands in which the educational & Charitable institutions are situated are worth millions of dollars[6] and are her gifts to charity.[7]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
M. G. Ramachandran
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Succeeded by