Father Jean-Vincent Scheil (born 10 June 1858, Koenigsmacker – d. 21 September 1940, Paris) was a French Dominican scholar and Assyriologist. He was one of the discoverers of the Code of Hammurabi in Persia. In 1911 he came into possession of the Scheil dynastic tablet and first translated it.
After being ordained in 1887, he took courses of Egyptology and Assyriology at the École des hautes études in Paris. He then undertook a series of archaeological missions in the Middle East, firstly in Egypt.