V. T. Krishnamachari
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Sir Vangal Thiruvenkatachari Krishnamachari
|Vice-President of the Planning Commission of India|
|Prime Minister of Jaipur|
|Diwan of Baroda|
|Monarch||Sayajirao Gaekwad III|
|Born||8 February 1881
Vangal, Trichy District, British India
|Died||14 February 1964
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Children||Vedammal Gopala Iyengar,
V. K. Thiruvenkatachari,
V. K. Rangaswami,
V. K. Ramaswami (1928–1969)
|Alma mater||Presidency College, Madras|
|Occupation||lawyer, civil servant, Madras Law College|
Rao Bahadur Sir Vangal Thiruvenkatachari Krishnamachari KCSI, KCIE (8 February 1881 – 14 February 1964) was an Indian civil servant and administrator. He served as the Diwan of Baroda from 1927 to 1944, Prime Minister of Jaipur from 1946 to 1949 and as a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1961 to 1964 .
Krishnamachari was born in a Vaishnavite Brahmin family in the village of Vangal in the then Karur District on 8 February 1881. He was the fourth and youngest son of Vangal Thiruvenkatachari (1837–1934) a rich and powerful landlord.
Krishnamachari had his early education in Vangal and graduated from the Presidency College, Madras and Madras Law College. On completion of his education, Krishnamachari qualified for the Indian civil service.
Indian Civil Service
Krishnamachari served the Additional Secretary of the Madras Board of Revenue from 1913 to 1919 and was the trustee to the Vizianagaram estate from 1919 to 1922.
Diwan of Baroda
Krishnamachari was appointed Diwan of Baroda in 1927 and he served from 1927 to 1944. Krishnamachari has been one of the longest serving Diwans of Baroda. While serving as Diwan, Krishnamachari also served in the Committee of Ministers, Chamber of Indian Princes from 1941 to 1944.
While serving as Diwan of Baroda, Krishnamachari launched a massive rural reconstruction programme in the princely state.
Prime Minister of Jaipur
Krishnamachari served as Prime Minister of Jaipur State from 1946 to 1949. he served in the Indian Finances Enquiry Committee from 1948 to 1949 and in Indian Fiscal Commission in 1949.
He was a delegate to all the three Round Table Conferences and was a delegate to the assembly of League of Nations during the years 1934 to 1936. He was knighted in the year 1933.
He was staunch in his support for the major Indian Princely states to join the Indian Union.
After Jaipur acceded to the Indian Union, Sir V.T. Krishnamachari joined the Constituent Assembly on 28 April 1948 as a representative of Jaipur. In July 1947, following the decision to partition India, the Constituent Assembly modified its rules to have two Vice-Presidents, and there was a suggestion that one of them might be from the princely states. When the Assembly did elect these Vice-Presidents on July 16, there were only two two nominations, so Krishnamachari (Jaipur) was selected unopposed, along with Dr. H.C. Mukerjee (West Bengal). As a Vice-President, Krishnamachari could be called upon to fill in for the President of the Assembly, Rajendra Prasad, during constitutional deliberations.
Krishnamchari married in Rangammal on 26 April 1895. The couple had 3 sons and 2 daughters.
- Vedammal Gopala Iyengar
- V. K. Thiruvenkatachari (1904–1984)
- V. K. Rangaswami (1908–1997)
- Jayammal Srinivasan (1912–1994)
- V. K. Ramaswami (1928–1969)
Krishnamachari was made a Knight Bachelor in 1933. In 1926, he was appointed as Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) and in 1936, a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE). In 1946, he was furthermore made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI).
- V. T. Krishnamachari (1949). Speeches of V. T. Krishnamachari, Diwan, Jaipur State. Information Bureau.
- V. T. Krishnamachari (1952). Report on Indian and State Administrative Services and Problems of District Administration. Government of India.
- V. T. Krishnamachari (1958). Community Development in India. Government of India.
- V. T. Krishnamachari (1959). Planned Development and Efficient Administration. Government of India.
- V. T. Krishnamachari (1961). Planning in India. Orient Longman.
- Vijay Kumar (2011). Integrated Rural Development Program and Its Impact on the Socio-Economic Condition of the Rural Poor of Sitamarhi District. Xilbris Corporation. p. 27. ISBN 145684699X, ISBN 978-1-4568-4699-2.
- Constituent Assembly Debates, Session 3, 28 April 1947.
- Constituent Assembly Debates, Session 4, 16 July 1947.