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Government-owned corporation
Industry Rail & coach transport
Founded 1 July 1983
Headquarters Melbourne, Australia
Area served
Regional Victoria
Southern New South Wales
Key people
Theo Taifalos CEO
Hector McKenzie Chairman
Services Regional trains and coaches
Revenue $426.1m (2011/12)[1]
n/a, A$271.7m subsidy was given by the Victorian Government to break-even[1]
$1.819m surplus[1]
Number of employees
Parent Government of Victoria
Website www.vline.com.au
Victorian railway network
Locale Victoria, Australia
Dates of operation 1983–
Predecessor Victorian Railways
Public Transport Corporation
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Albury-Wodonga line)
Headquarters Melbourne

V/Line is a not for profit regional passenger train and coach operator in Victoria, Australia. It was created after the split-up of VicRail in 1983. V/Line is owned by the V/Line Corporation which is a Victorian State Government statutory authority. V/Line operates to 85 railway stations[1] and a larger number of coach stops, and operates 1,444 rail services and 592 coach services every week across regional Victoria.[2]

The V/Line system carried a record 15,554,638 passengers in the 2011/12 financial year, a 6.2% increase on the previous year, and is the fastest growing rail business in Australia. All train lines experienced patronage increases during the year: Geelong 130,000 additional trips, Bendigo 90,000, Ballarat 110,000, Gippsland 90,000 and Seymour 80,000.[1] V/Line is also track manager of the Victorian intrastate rail network outside of the Australian Rail Track Corporation and Metro Trains Melbourne leases.[2] It has a fleet of 134 carriages.

On February 17th 2015 Jacinta Allan, Victoria's Minister for Transport announced the the regional area of Epping would be re-zoned as a V/Line Destination effective from July 1st. This will coincidence with the closure of of the South Morang Station.[citation needed]


As a government authority[edit]

On 1 July 1983 the Transport Act 1983 took effect and the State Transport Authority was created along with a range of other transport bodies.[3] The new authority replaced VicRail, and established the V/Line operating brand for both country passenger and freight. The VicRail orange and silver 'teacup' livery used on passenger rolling stock was replaced in August 1983 by an orange and grey livery, the white and green V/Line logo also being launched at the same time.[4]

This was altered when on 1 July 1989 the Transport (Amendment) Act took effect, merging the State Transport Authority with the Metropolitan Transit Authority to form the Public Transport Corporation.[5] The relationship between the country V/Line and suburban 'The Met' brands was blurred, with the Sprinter trains delivered in the 1993-1995 period appearing in PTC colours but with both PTC and V/Line logos.[6]

In 1995 the freight and passenger rail divisions of V/Line were divided, with a new red, blue and white V/Line Passenger livery unveiled, which remains on some of the fleet today.[7] This split was finalised on 1 July 1997 when separate management was brought in.[8]

In 1999 V/Line Passenger and V/Line Freight were franchised and privatised separately. National Express acquired V/Line Passenger and Freight Victoria acquired V/Line Freight. The V/Line Freight contract included a 45 year lease from the government of most regional track (passenger and freight), with responsibilities for track, signalling and level crossings, with access to passenger sections of track granted to V/Line Passenger.

V/Line operates under a franchise agreement entered into with the Director of Public Transport. The Director also sub leases tracks and other infrastructure which the Director holds under lease from VicTrack, the agency which owns Victoria's rail-related land and infrastructure.

As a corporation[edit]

On 29 August 1999 National Express took control of V/Line Passenger.[9] It included all country rail operations in Victoria, with the exception of the West Coast Railway operated Warrnambool line and the Hoys Roadlines operated Shepparton line, previously franchised in 1993.[9] In 2004 operational difficulties hit the two privately operated lines, and they came back under the control of V/Line.

V/Line passenger figures (in million passenger trips) illustrating the dramatic effect of the introduction of faster and more frequent rail services in 2005

In December 2002 National Express handed in its Victorian rail and tram franchises having been unable to renegotiate financial terms with the State Government.[10][11][12]

Full control was taken on 1 October 2003 by changing the shareholding of V/Line, making the government the sole shareholder via a recently created statutory corporation, V/Line Passenger Corporation.[2]

In 2000 the Regional Fast Rail project was launched to upgrade the tracks linking Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong and the Latrobe Valley to Melbourne. The project, which also included new rolling stock and an expanded timetable of rail services, commenced full operations from December 2005.

In November 2006 Pacific National, who had purchased Freight Australia, entered into an agreement to sell the remainder of its Victorian rail lease of the network back to the Victorian Government for $133.8 m.[13] The sale was completed on 7 May 2007, with V/Line becoming the track manager of the Victorian intrastate network.[14]

In May 2008 it was announced that part of the V/Line fleet would be converted to standard gauge to operate an upgraded Albury-Wodonga line service.[15] In December 2008 V/Line ended the sale of alcoholic beverages aboard long-distance trains, after almost a century of the practice.[16]

In 2010, the subsidy per passenger trip dropped to $18.68, down from $19.42 in 2009.[17]

The Transport Integration Act renamed the V/Line Passenger Corporation as V/Line Corporation.[18] The Act also gave V/Line a new statutory charter. As part of these changes, the corporation's responsibilities were explicitly expanded to cover both rail passenger and rail freight services.[19] The Act received the Royal Assent on 2 March 2010 and came into operation on 1 July 2010.[20]


V/Line passenger figures (in million passenger trips) for major rail routes since 2004

V/Line operates rail services to the regional cities of Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong, Seymour and Traralgon as well as Ararat, Maryborough, Echuca, Swan Hill, Albury, Bairnsdale, Warrnambool and Shepparton. In addition, V/Line road coaches connect with many rail services at major stations to serve towns away from the main rail network.[21]

Rail services are grouped into two types. As part of the introduction of Myki on V/Line in 2013, and to provide consistent communication to both staff and customers, what were formerly called "Interurban" services became "Commuter" services, and what were formerly called "Intercity" services became "Long Distance" services. Commuter services operate over shorter distances and more frequently than Long Distance services, and the latter usually provide some first-class accommodation, as well as snack bar facilities.

All rail services depart from Southern Cross railway station in Melbourne on the following lines with the exception of one Traralgon service which departs/ terminates at Flinders Street Station

Rail services once extended to Dimboola, Mildura, Cobram and Leongatha but were discontinued in 1993.[22]

The services to Ararat and Bairnsdale were also withdrawn in 1993, but restored in 2004.[23] In December 2008, as part of the Victorian Transport Plan, the state government announced that V/Line rail passenger services would be extended from Ballarat to Maryborough station at a cost of $50 million, commencing in July 2010.[24][25] The first passenger train in 15 years arrived at Maryborough on 24 July 2010.[26]

The resumption of V/Line services to Leongatha and Cobram has been sought by communities along both of these lines, but minimal portions of the track along both corridors has now been removed. The resumption of services to Mildura has also been floated ever since it ceased operation, however, despite much planning, little action has been achieved. A recent report into the extensions of the Melbourne metropolitan rail system identified the population growth corridor from Cranbourne to Koo-Wee-Rup along the disused Leongatha line as a key planning priority. [27]

V/line also runs numerous intrastate and interstate road coach services that may run wholly as a coach service or operate as a coach connecting with a rail service.

Interstate road coach service operated by V/line are:


V/Line thermally printed ticket

V/Line currently uses machine printed paper tickets, issued from staffed V/Line stations, selected Metro suburban premium stations, V/Line ticket agents, online or by phone. Passengers boarding services at unmanned stations or roadside coach stops can purchase tickets from the train conductor or coach driver.

Tickets have the origin and destination printed upon them, making them point to point, but the fare itself is based on charging zones.[28] Changes were made to the fare system, to integrate it with the suburban Metcard system in preparation for the introduction of the Myki smartcard system to cover the entire state.[29]

Ticket types available include single, return, and a range of periodical tickets.[30] Services are classified as peak and off-peak, with discounts available for tickets valid in off-peak times only.[30] V/Line operates a limited number of trains with first class seating which requires the payment of an upgrade fee on top of the standard economy fare.[31] From June 2013 the Myki smartcard system began to be rolled out on the V/Line network.[32]

Most V/Line services operate on a non-allocated seating basis, but all intercity (long distance) rail services and some coach services require seat reservations.[33]


Class Image Type Gauge Top speed
Built Number Notes
VLocity 160 Three-car-VLocity-VL38.jpg Diesel multiple unit Broad 160 2004- 134 51 sets. 43 additional cars under construction.
Sprinter 7007 southern cross 12 sep 07.JPG Diesel multiple unit Broad 130 1993-1995 21
A class New VLine Livery A66.JPG Diesel electric locomotive Broad 115 1984-1985 4 2 stored.
N class N460NewLivery.JPG Diesel electric locomotive Broad, Standard 115 1985-1987 25
P class New VLine Livery P11.JPG Diesel electric locomotive Broad 100 1984-1985 8 1 stored.
Y class Y129 VLine.jpg Diesel electric locomotive Broad 65 1965-1968 4 Shunters at Southern Cross, Geelong and Newport Workshops.
H type carriages Line H set VSH28.JPG Passenger carriage Broad 115 1984-1990 51 13 sets. 1 car stored.
N type carriages Vline n class train at lara victoria.jpg Passenger carriage Broad, Standard 115 1981-1984 56 19 sets. 1 car stored (accident damage).
Z type carriages Vline-bcz257-carriage.jpg Passenger carriage Broad 115 1957-1966 20 Incorporated into N sets. 1 car stored (accident damage).
D van D-van-trailing-vline.jpg Parcels/luggage van Broad 115 1983 7 4 stored.
PCJ van PCO-being-shunted-vline.jpg Head end power/luggage van Standard 115 1970 3
PH van A class hauled train.jpg Head end power van Broad 115 1984, 2009 4

Road coaches:

V/Line liveried coach

Road coaches are provided by private companies, who are contracted by the Department of Transport to operate services for V/Line. These coaches are painted in V/Line livery.[34]

Network access[edit]

V/Line also manages and maintains all non-interstate rural rail track in Victoria, including lines that do not see passenger services.[35] The lease was previously held by Pacific National, who entered into an agreement to sell it back to the Victorian Government for $133.8 million in November 2006,[13] with the sale completed in May 2007 with V/Line appointed to manage it.[36]


Initial 1983 logo

The initial V/Line visual identity was unveiled in August 1983, with an orange and grey livery for locomotives and passenger rolling stock,[4] along with a white and green V/Line logo with a "stylised capital lettered logo with the V and the L split by a deep slashing stroke".[37] Work on the initial V/Line identity started in May 1983, with freight wagons being released without logos pending the launch. Before that time, a stylised VR logo was carried by rolling stock that had been received the orange and silver VicRail 'teacup' livery since 1981.[4] Carriages in the 'teacup' livery later had the logos removed and replaced by V/Line ones.[38]

This remained until 1993 when the Sprinter trains were delivered in the teal and yellow suburban 'The Met' brand colours, but with both The Met and V/Line logos.[6] In 1995, the freight and passenger rail divisions of V/Line were divided, with locomotives in the freight fleet retaining the orange and grey livery with 'V/Line Freight' logos, while passenger carriages and locomotive received the red blue and white 'V/Line Passenger' livery which remains on some of the fleet today.[7] It was also at that time that the V/Line logo was altered, with serifs added to the lettering, and the "deep slashing stroke" was altered to a curved blue line. After National Express took over V/Line, the logo was again altered in 2000, with mixed-case lettering and a curving blue line underneath.[38] In 2006, it was again altered, with the removal of the blue line underneath and addition of a purple line.[39]

The VLocity railcars were delivered from 2005 in a totally new livery of stainless steel with purple and green highlights. In 2007, a new livery was unveiled, consisting of a grey carbody with red, white and purple stripes.[40] Rolling stock in different variants of the livery was released throughout that year, with a consistent version not appearing until 2008, along with a number of repainted locomotives.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "V/Line annual report 2011/12" (PDF). www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "V/Line Background". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  3. ^ "Public Record Office Victoria online catalogue". access.prov.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  4. ^ a b c Railmac Publications (1992). Australian Fleetbooks: V/Line locomotives. Kitchner Press. p. 5. ISBN 0-949817-76-7. 
  5. ^ "Public Record Office Victoria online catalogue". access.prov.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  6. ^ a b "V/LineCars.com - Sprinters". www.vlinecars.com. Archived from the original on 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  7. ^ a b "News". Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)). November 2005. 
  8. ^ Peter Attenborough (June 2004). "Freight Australia". Australian Model Railway Magazine: pages 24–27. 
  9. ^ a b Peter Attenborough (June 2006). "V/Line Passenger". Australian Model Railway Magazine: pages 26–29. 
  10. ^ National Express walks out of Australian rail service The Telegraph (London) 17 December 2002
  11. ^ Richard Web (14 March 2004). "The long goodbye". The Age. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  12. ^ Nat Express pull back Down Under The Telegraph (London) 3 September 2004
  13. ^ a b "Toll sells rail lease". Canberra Times. 2 November 2006. p. 17. 
  14. ^ "Media Release: Rail Buy Back Deal Complete". Minister for Public Transport. www.legislation.vic.gov.au. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  15. ^ "Premier of Victoria, Australia - Federal-State Co-operation Delivers Major Rail Project". www.premier.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  16. ^ Kate Lahey (23 December 2008). "No more making a V/Line for the bar". The Age. theage.com.au. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ "Transport Integration Act 2010 (No 6 of 2010) - Section 128 V/Line Corporation". www.austlii.edu.au. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  19. ^ "Transport Integration Act 2010 (No 6 of 2010) - Section 131 Object of V/Line Corporation". www.austlii.edu.au. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  20. ^ "New Transport Framework For Victoria". Mondaq Business Briefing. www.thefreelibrary.com. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  21. ^ Chris Banger (March 1997). "Rail Passenger Service Withdrawals Since 1960". Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)): pages 77–82. 
  22. ^ Liz Gooch (10 July 2004). "Ararat sleepers awake to new sound - the train". The Age. www.theage.com.au. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  23. ^ "Maryborough Rail Extension Projects". Victorian Transport Plan. www4.transport.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  24. ^ "Maryborough Rail Services". Victorian Transport Plan. www.transport.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-07-05. 
  25. ^ "Maryborough gets its train back". Transport Projects eNews August 2010. Department of Transport. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  26. ^ http://www.mpa.vic.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/PSP-54-Leongatha-Rail-Line-Peer-Review-Aurecon-Rev-1-FINAL-DRAFT-Appendix-2-10.pdf
  27. ^ Victorian Fares and Ticketing Manual 2008: Chapter 3 - V/Line travel Metlink
  28. ^ "V/Line - V/Line & Metlink ticket integration". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  29. ^ a b "V/Line - Fares - Ticket Types & Conditions". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  30. ^ "V/Line ~ First Class". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  31. ^ myki to start on V/Line commuter services Public Transport Victoria 11 June 2013
  32. ^ "V/Line - Reservations". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  33. ^ "V/Line - Our Fleet". www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  34. ^ "Introduction to RNA". V/Line ~ Network Access. www.vline.com.au. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  35. ^ "Rail Buy Back Deal Complete". Minister for Public Transport (Media Release). 7 May 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  36. ^ Norm Bray & Peter J Vincent (2006). Bogie Freight Wagons of Victoria. Brief History Books. p. 14. ISBN 0-9775056-0-X. 
  37. ^ a b "V/LineCars.com - Carriage Liveries". vlinecars.com. Retrieved 2008-10-16. [dead link]
  38. ^ !-- Bot retrieved archive --> "V/LineCars.com News - 22nd August 2006 - New V/Line Logo". www.vlinecars.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  39. ^ "V/LineCars.com - Carriage and Sprinter Refurbishment Program & New V/Line Livery - Ministerial & Media Launch". www.vlinecars.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Country rail in Victoria
1983 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent operator