V1500 Cygni

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V1500 Cygni

Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Cygnus
Right ascension 21h 11m 36.6s
Declination +48° 09′ 02.1″
Apparent magnitude (V) 1.7Max.
18Min.
Characteristics
Astrometry
Distance 6,360 ly
Other designations

V1500 Cygni or Nova Cygni 1975 was a bright nova occurring in 1975 in the constellation Cygnus. It had the second highest intrinsic brightness of any nova of the 20th Century, exceeded only by CP Puppis in 1942.[1]

V1500 Cygni was discovered on August 29 and reached magnitude 1.7 on the next day. It remained visible to the naked eye for about a week, and 680 days after maximum the star had dimmed by 12.5 magnitudes.

It is an AM Herculis type star, consisting of a red dwarf secondary depositing a stream of material onto a highly magnetized white dwarf primary. The distance of the V1500 Cygni was calculated in 1977 by the McDonald Observatory at 1.95 kiloparsecs (6,360 light years).[2]

AAVSO light curve showing the magnitude of Nova Cygni 1975. The dates given are Julian day numbers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "V1500 Cyg (Nova Cygni 1975)", American Association of Variable Star Observers
  2. ^ "The interstellar reddening and distance of Nova Cygni 1975 /V1500 Cygni/", by G.J. Ferland, Astrophysical Journal, August 1, 1977, p. 873-876

External links[edit]