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Ford Taunus V4 engine in Saab Sonett III.
V4 engine is a type of four-cylinder engine, a V form engine with four cylinders and three main bearings.
Automobile use [ edit ]
The V4 engine has not been widely used in cars, with Lancia, Ford and ZAZ the only companies to manufacture such an engine.
Lancia produced several narrow-angle V4 engines from the 1920s through 1960s for cars like the Lambda, Augusta, Artena, Aprilia, Ardea, Appia, and Fulvia.
Ford of Europe produced two totally different V4 engines with a balance shaft, one in the UK and one in Germany:
The Ukrainian manufacturer
ZAZ used an air-cooled V4 with a balance shaft, produced by MeMZ and used in Zaporozhets and LuAZ cars.
Porsche announced that their 919 Hybrid Le Mans Prototype would use a small-capacity, supercharged V4 engine. [2 ]
Motorcycle use [ edit ]
Longitudinal V4 engine in a
with its fairing removed
In the 1930 Matchless Silver Hawk used a narrow-angle V4, while Puch used a very wide-angle V4. V4 engines are more recently found in
motorcycles, typically transversely mounted. This engine design enjoyed particular popularity during the mid-to-late 1980s. Models with V4 engines include: [3 ]
Other uses [ edit ]
Another use of the V4 engine is in
outboard motors. They are two-stroke cycle and generally carbureted. Some of the largest manufacturers are Johnson, Evinrude and Yamaha. This type of engine is popular because of its small size, while still producing 140 hp (104 kW), or more.
References [ edit ]