VASP

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This article is about a Brazilian airline. For other uses, see VASP (disambiguation).
VASP Viação Aérea São Paulo
VASP logo.svg
IATA
VP
ICAO
VSP
Callsign
VASP
Founded 4 November 1933
Ceased operations 27 January 2005
Hubs Congonhas Airport
Guarulhos International Airport
Focus cities none
Frequent-flyer program none
Airport lounge none
Alliance none
Fleet size 0
Destinations none
Parent company Viação Aérea São Paulo
Headquarters Congonhas-São Paulo Airport
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Key people Wagner Canhedo
Website Vasp.com.br

Viação Aérea São Paulo S/A, or VASP, was an airline with its head office in the VASP Building on the grounds of Congonhas-São Paulo Airport in São Paulo, Brazil.[1] It had main bases at Congonhas Airport (CGH) and Guarulhos International Airport (GRU), São Paulo.

History[edit]

VASP operated the NAMC YS-11 from 1969. This example is arriving at Rio Santos Dumont Airport in 1972
VASP BAC 1-11 at Rio Galeao in 1972

The airline was established on 4 November 1933 by the state government of São Paulo and started operations in 1933. VASP was the first airline to serve the interior of the state of São Paulo (São Paulo-São Carlos-São José do Rio Preto and São Paulo-Ribeirão Preto-Uberaba), with two Monospar ST-4. At the start of the 1930s, it was the only carrier to operate with land planes. At the time this was a real exploit due to the lack of adequate non-coastal airports. Many landing strips were improvised in flat pastures. This insistence on using only land planes led to the building in 1936 of one of the country’s most important airports, Congonhas, located in the city of São Paulo, far from the coast. During its early years, Congonhas Airport was popularly known as Campo da VASP ("VASP's [Air]field").[2]

In 1939 VASP bought Aerolloyd Iguassu, which included also a license to operate flights to the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina. In 1962 VASP acquired Lóide Aéreo Nacional which had a license to operate nationwide. VASP was therefore able to operate in the entire Brazilian territory.

On 6 July 1959, VASP, Cruzeiro do Sul and Varig initiated the air shuttle services between Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont and São Paulo-Congonhas airports, the first of its kind in the world. The three companies coordinated their schedules, operations, and shared revenue. The service was a direct response to the competition imposed by Real Transportes Aéreos. The idea, baptized as Air bridge (Ponte Aérea in Portuguese), inspired on the Berlin Airlift was so successful that it was abandoned only in 1999.[3] Flights operated on an hourly basis initially by Convair 240 (Varig), Convair 340 (Cruzeiro) and Saab 90 Scandia (VASP). In a matter of a few months the shuttle service led by Varig won the battle against Real, which was anyway bought by Varig in 1961. Sadia Transportes Aéreos joined the service in 1968. Between 1975 and 1992 it was operated exclusively by Varig's Lockheed L-188 Electra which for sometime and for the sake of neutrality did not have the name Varig on the fuselage.

Although it had been remarkably well-run for most of its life as a state-owned company, by the 1980s VASP was being plagued by inefficiency, losses covered by state capital injections, and a bloated payroll for political reasons. Under the Brazilian government's neoliberal policies newly introduced at the time, VASP was privatized in 1990. A majority stake was bought by the VOE/Canhedo Group, a company formed by the Canhedo Group of Brasília and VASP employees.

Under the command of its new owner and president, Wagner Canhedo, VASP quickly expanded operations in the country, and created international routes, being the second Brazilian company to do so after 1965. However, after many years of mismanagement, financial losses, soaring debt and bad credit, in 2002 it cancelled all of its international operations to concentrate in the domestic market. By that time, VASP had plummeted from the second to the fourth position in the Brazilian airline market, flying an aged fleet of Boeing 737s (most of them of the obsolete −200 series) and Airbus A300s.

The company faced its worst crisis in 2004, which led to the suspension of service to many Brazilian cities and the cancellation of flights. As a result, VASP – once a proud, competitive airline – had its domestic market share reduced to 10%. On 27 January 2005, Brazil's then civil aviation regulator, DAC, grounded the airline from operating scheduled services pending a financial investigation. VASP was allowed to operate charter services until April 2005, giving it a chance to prove its financial stability in order to retain its air operator certificate.

As of December 2007, the company's only activity was providing maintenance services to other airlines (in spite of all of VASP's troubles, its maintenance expertise and personnel never ceased to be held in very high regard). It had been operating under the new Brazilian bankruptcy law since July 2006, and had its recovery plan approved in 27 August 2006. However, in 2008 it declared bankruptcy.

In August 2011, nine of the company's planes (seven Boeing 737-200s and two Airbus A300s), grounded at Congonhas-São Paulo Airport since 2005 and by now badly weathered and dilapidated, began to be dismantled and sold for scrap at auction. Each plane in its current condition was estimated to be worth only 30,000 to 50,000 reais (approximately $20,000 to 33,000 US dollars), considerably less than even its monthly parking and storage fees. The company's fleet of a total of 27 planes had been grounded in similar circumstances since 2005 at various Brazilian airports.

Services[edit]

Services at time of closure[edit]

VASP operated services to the following domestic scheduled destinations (as of January 2005): Aracaju, Belém, Brasília, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Luís, São Paulo, Teresina and Porto Alegre.

Services ended before closure[edit]

VASP once had a much more extensive network, which covered virtually every major Brazilian city with an airport and in the 1990s included such international destinations as: Buenos Aires, Quito, Miami, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Toronto, Seoul, Casablanca, Barcelona, Brussels, Osaka, Athens, Frankfurt and Zürich.

Fleet[edit]

A VASP Vickers Viscount at Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport in 1973

When the airline ceased its operations, its fleet consisted of Airbus A300B2-200, Boeing 727-200F and Boeing 737-200/-300 aircraft.[4][5]

At the height of its expansion, VASP operated DC-10[5] and MD-11 aircraft[6] on its long-haul international routes. The company operated Boeing 737–200 and DC-8 aircraft for freight.[6]

1970[edit]

VASP fleet in 1970[7]
Aircraft Total Notes
BAC One-Eleven 400 2
Boeing 737–200 5
Douglas DC-3 10
Douglas DC-6C 4
Vickers Viscount 700 2
Vickers Viscount 800 4
NAMC YS-11 7
Total 34

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Accidents[edit]

Incidents[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March 1985. 130." Retrieved 17 June 2009. "Edificio VASP, Aeroporto de Congonhas, CEP-04368, Sao Paulo, Brazil"
  2. ^ Saconi, Rose (2 April 2013). "Como era São Paulo sem o aeroporto de Congonhas" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo (acervo). Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Beting, Gianfranco; Beting, Joelmir (2009). Varig: Eterna Pioneira (in Portuguese). Porto Alegre and São Paulo: EDIPUCRS and Beting Books. pp. 83–84. ISBN 978-85-7430-901-9. 
  4. ^ "Aeronaves" as of 6 February 2003. VASP
  5. ^ a b "Aeronaves" as of 30 March 2001. VASP
  6. ^ a b "Fleet." (28 January 1999) VASP. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
  7. ^ Flight International 26 March 1970
  8. ^ "Accident description PP-SPF". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Vizinhança perigosa". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 33–36. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  10. ^ "Accident description PP-SPD". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Colisão com a Escola Naval". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 54–60. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  12. ^ "Accident description PP-SPT". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  13. ^ "Accident description PP-SPL". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "Accident description PP-SPQ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  15. ^ "Accident description PP-SPM". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  16. ^ "Accident description PP-SQE". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  17. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Ponte aérea das doze horas". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 171–173. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  18. ^ "Accident description PP-SQV". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  19. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Falha de motor na decolagem". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 177–181. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  20. ^ "Accident description PP-SRG and FAB0742". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  21. ^ Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve História da Aviação Comercial Brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa. pp. 205–206. 
  22. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Reportagem derradeira". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 177–181. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  23. ^ "Accident description PP-SRA and PT-BRQ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  24. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "No céu de Paraibuna". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 214–216. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  25. ^ "Accident description PP-SRR". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  26. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "A montanha trágica". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 243–248. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  27. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  28. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  29. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  30. ^ "PP-SPR Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  31. ^ "Accident description PP-SPP". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  32. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Arremetida monomotor". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 262–266. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  33. ^ "Accident description PP-SMI". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  34. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "O Samurai desaparecido". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 274–278. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  35. ^ "PP-SQA Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  36. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  37. ^ "Accident description PP-SMJ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  38. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Dia do aviador". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 291–293. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  39. ^ "Accident description PP-SBE". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  40. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "O primeiro Bandeirante". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 294–301. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  41. ^ "Accident description PP-SMY". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  42. ^ "Accident description PP-SRK". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  43. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "VASP 168". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 318–326. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  44. ^ "Accident description PP-SME". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  45. ^ "Accident description PP-SND". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  46. ^ "Incident description Vasp April 25, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  47. ^ "Incident description Vasp May 14, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  48. ^ "Incident description PP-SMU". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  49. ^ "Incident description PP-SNT". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  50. ^ "Sangue no vôo 375" (in Portuguese). Abril: Veja. 5 October 1988. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  51. ^ "Incident description PP-SMG". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  52. ^ Maschio, José (21 August 2000). "PF liga sequestro de avião da VASP à rebelião em penitenciária em Roraima" (in Portuguese). Folha Online. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 

External links[edit]