VFA-32

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Strike Fighter Squadron THIRTY-TWO
VFA-32 patch.jpg
VFA-32 insignia
Active February 1, 1945 - present
Country  United States of America
Branch United States Navy Seal United States Navy
Type Strike Fighter
Part of Carrier Air Wing THREE (CVW-3)
Garrison/HQ Naval Air Station Oceana
Nickname "Fighting Swordsmen"
Motto Deus et Patria ("God and Country")
Engagements World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
* Operation Linebacker
* Operation Linebacker II
Gulf of Sidra incident (1989)
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Deny Flight
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Deliberate Force
Operation Desert Fox
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
Aircraft flown
Fighter F6F Hellcat
F4U Corsair
F-9 Cougar
F-8 Crusader
F-14 Tomcat
F/A-18F Super Hornet

The "Fighting Swordsmen" of Strike Fighter Squadron THIRTY-TWO (VFA-32) are a United States Navy strike fighter squadron presently flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet and based ashore at Naval Air Station Oceana. Their radio callsign is Gypsy and their tail code is AC.

Their mission is: "Strike Fighter Squadron THIRTY-TWO, as a part of United States Naval Aviation, utilizes the F/A-18F aircraft to project power ashore and at sea, to defend the Fleet against air and sea threats and to carry out all other missions which may be assigned by cognizant authority."

Two distinct squadrons have been designated VF-2.[1] The first VF-2 was established on 1 June 1943 and was disestablished on 13 November 1945. The second VF-2 eventually became VFA-32, and is the subject of this article.

Insignia and nickname[edit]

Early VBF-3 insignia.
Early VF-32 insignia.

Originally, the squadron used the Fighting Three Felix the Cat symbol and called themselves the "Crazy Cats" because so many pilots were from Fighting Three. At one time, the squadron was known as the "White Lightning." In 1950, the squadron adopted the insignia of a traditional heraldry lion under Naval Aviation wings of gold and the motto "Deus et Patria" that has endured with only slight modernization through today. The VF-32 squadron radio callsign is "Gypsy" and most alumni refer to themselves as "Gypsies". The squadron picked up the nickname Swordsmen after it switched to the F-8 Crusader and added a sword to the lion's hand.

History[edit]

1940s[edit]

VFA-32 was established as Bombing Fighting Three (VBF-3) on February 1, 1945, flying the F6F Hellcat, when it was split off from VF-3, the famed Felix squadron. Fritz Wolf, a former member of the American Volunteer Group (AVG) or Flying Tigers, was assigned as the first VBF-3 commanding officer.[2] At the time, U.S. Navy carriers were closing on the Japanese home islands and were facing aggressive Kamikaze attacks. VBF-3 was assigned to Carrier Air Group THREE on board USS Yorktown (CV-10) in the Pacific theater. On 16 February 1945, VBF-3 pilots became the Navy's first carrier-based pilots to strike the Japanese islands. During the heavy action on that day, the squadron shot down 24 Japanese aircraft, earning the Presidential Unit Citation. On 15 November 1946, VBF-3 was redesignated VF-4A and switched to the F8F-1 Bearcat. On August 7, 1948, VF-4A became VF-32 and switched to the F4U Corsair.

1950s[edit]

VF-32 F9F-6s during the world cruise of USS Tarawa in 1954.

In 1950, the Swordsmen were deployed to the Korean War with F4U Corsairs aboard USS Leyte (CV-32). From October 1950 to January 1951, VF-32 hit Korean targets including Wonsan Harbor, Puckchong, Chonjin, and Chosin Reservoir. On December 4, 1950, the aircraft of Ensign Jesse L. Brown, the first Black American Naval Aviator, was hit by flak while supporting embattled Marines at Chosin. He crash-landed his Corsair behind enemy lines on a snow-covered mountain slope. His wingman, Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Thomas J. Hudner, Jr., could see that Brown survived the forced landing, but appeared to be trapped in the cockpit with smoke coming from the engine compartment. In an attempt to save his squadron mate, Hudner crash-landed his plane alongside Browns'. Hudner found Brown semi-conscious, but was unable to extricate him from the crumpled fuselage. Brown died in Hudner's arms, and although the attempted rescue failed, Hudner received the Medal of Honor and Brown received the Distinguished Flying Cross.

A F8U-1 of VF-32 in 1958.

After the Korean war ended in November 1952 the squadron returned to the East Coast and became the first squadron to operate the swept-wing F9F-6 Cougar. VF-32 made subsequent deployments aboard USS Tarawa (CV-40) in 1953 and the USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) in 1955. In 1956, VF-32 became the first squadron to transition to the F8U-1 Crusader, thus becoming the first supersonic squadron in the Navy.

While deployed aboard USS Saratoga (CV-60) as a unit of Carrier Air Group THREE, VF-32 participated in the 1958 Lebanon crisis.

1960s[edit]

A VF-32 F-4B, 1970-71.

During the Cuban missile crisis in late 1962, VF-32 flew 96 sorties to support photoreconnaissance flights and intelligence-gathering missions. After returning from cruise in 1965, the squadron changed homeport from NAS Cecil Field, Florida to NAS Oceana, Virginia, and switched to the F-4B Phantom II. VF-32 detached from Carrier Air Group THREE, ending a relationship that had lasted since the squadron's establishment.

In June 1966, VF-32 embarked aboard USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42) as a component of Carrier Air Group ONE and sailed for Yankee Station in Southeast Asia. The squadron flew 940 combat sorties during three line periods in five months, building a highly successful Vietnam War combat record, losing no aircraft or aircrew. In May 1968, VF-32 deployed aboard USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) for her maiden voyage.

1970s[edit]

Three F-14As of VF-32 in 1974.

In 1971, the squadron received the Meritorious Unit Commendation for actions in support of SIXTH FLEET operations during the Middle East Crisis.

In 1974, VF-32 switched to the F-14 Tomcat at NAS Miramar before moving to NAS Oceana as one of the first fleet Tomcat squadrons based there. VF-32 made the first Atlantic Fleet F-14 deployment in June 1975. On that cruise, VF-32 was awarded the Admiral Joseph Clifton Award as the Navy's top fighter squadron. In October 1977, VF-32 became the first fleet squadron to fly against the Air Force F-15 Eagle, setting the stage for regularly scheduled dissimilar air combat training between the Air Force and Navy. VF-32 again embarked for the Mediterranean aboard Kennedy in June 1978. During this deployment, VF-32 conducted the first fleet test and evaluation of the new Television Camera System. The Swordsmen also deployed with AIM-9L Sidewinder missiles for the first fleet captive-carry evaluation. A mid-cruise missile exercise, "BUZZARDEX", was an unqualified success with firings of AIM-54 Phoenix and AIM-7 Sparrow missiles at five targets moving at Mach 2.5. In October 1979, VF-32 completed 10 years of accident-free flying. In those 10 years, the squadron flew over 33,000 hours, including 17,000 in the F-14A.

1980s[edit]

In 1980, the Swordsmen were again presented with the Admiral Clifton Award. In 1980 and 1981, the squadron achieved an accident-free Mediterranean deployment aboard Kennedy, followed in 1982 by another accident-free Med cruise aboard USS Independence (CV-62) and the 1982 COMNAVAIRLANT Battle "E" and CNO Safety "S" awards. In 1982, three VF-32 Tomcats were modified to carry the Tactical Air Reconnaissance Pod System TARPS pod.

In 1983-84, the Swordsmen completed the Navy's first combat deployment since the Vietnam era with CVW-6 aboard Independence. Fighter Squadron 32 flew combat air patrol missions and provided TARPS imagery for the 4 December 1983 CVW-6/CVW-3 air strikes on Syrian positions in Lebanon. VF-32 TARPS also flew missions in support of Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada providing pre- and post-battle damage assessment using photography from the TARPS pod. Fighter Squadron 32 TARPS aircraft flew 39 successful reconnaissance mission during the Urgent Fury operation, often flying as many as six missions per day, a record unequaled by any other F-14A/TARPS configured squadron. This was the first combat operation using all branches of the military since Vietnam. The deployment concluded with participation in NATO exercise "TEAMWORK 84" in the Norwegian Sea. The Swordsmen made a third deployment aboard Independence from October 1984 through February 1985 to the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean.

Special patch from 1988-89 deployment

The Swordsmen rejoined CVW-3 in February 1985, and embarked aboard Kennedy in August 1986 for another Mediterranean deployment. This cruise saw the Swordsmen Class "A" safety record extended another year, but also included the first night F-14 barricade landing. VF-32 participated in a variety of NATO and combined exercises, and extended their major mishap-free safety record to nine years during a 1988-89 Mediterranean deployment, again aboard Kennedy.

On January 4, 1989, while flying from Kennedy during a routine patrol over the Gulf of Sidra, two VF-32 F-14s intercepted two Libyan MiG-23 Floggers, which had originated from the Al Bumbai airfield in Tobruk. After attempting a peaceful intercept, the F-14s used their Television Camera System (TCS) to verify that the MiGs were armed. Hostile intent was declared and the Swordsmen were cleared to engage. The lead fired an AIM-7 Sparrow, which failed to track. His wingman also fired a Sparrow, which tracked and destroyed one of the MiGs, its pilot ejecting. The first F-14 then closed to AIM-9 Sidewinder range and downed the remaining MiG-23, whose pilot also ejected. The Swordsmen and Kennedy returned to Virginia in February 1989.

1990s[edit]

An F-14A Tomcat with VF-32 prepares to tank from a USAF KC-135 prior to a Desert Storm EA-6B escort mission.

When Kuwait was invaded by Iraqi forces in August 1990, VF-32 joined Carrier Air Wing 3, was put on emergency recall from Nellis AFB and returned to NAS Oceana to prepare to sortie with Kennedy. Kennedy immediately proceeded to the Red Sea to participate in Operation Desert Shield alongside USS Saratoga (CV-60). During Desert Shield, the ship made several Suez Canal transits and operated in the Eastern Med. When Desert Shield turned into Operation Desert Storm in January 1991, VF-32 Tomcats were in the first strike wave flying Combat Air Patrol mainly in central and western Iraq. VF-32 TARPS aircrews flew daily missions throughout Iraq including supersonic runs over highly defended Al Qa'im. Throughout Operation DESERT STORM, VF-32 aircrew logged 1,445 combat flight hours on 403 missions, including 38 combat TARPS missions. After an eight-month deployment, the Swordsmen returned to NAS Oceana on 28 March 1991. Later that year, the Swordsmen won the 1991 AIRLANT Grand Slam missile firing competition with an unprecedented 17 of 17 scored kills. Fighting 32 and the Kennedy again deployed in October 1992. The Swordsmen conducted a great deal of air-to-ground operations in the Adriatic Sea while on cruise in support of Operation Provide Promise, marking the beginning of the Tomcat strike/fighter mission and provided significant carrier air patrol support for C-130 food drop missions in the former Yugoslavia. The Swordsmen returned home to NAS Oceana in April 1993 and throughout the summer conducted joint ACM exercises with the Air Force and was coined the first "Toms to Bomb" squadron to fully certify the use of bombs on the F14 platform. The year was highlighted with presentations of the Battle "E" and Clifton Awards to VF-32.

In May 1994, VF-32 and CVW-3 embarked aboard USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69). This four-week deployment marked the first extensive at-sea period where women worked alongside men on a fleet aircraft carrier. In September, a small detachment provided crucial TARPS photography and air support for Operation Restore Democracy in Haiti. In November 1994, VF-32 deployed aboard Eisenhower for another tour in the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. The Gypsies flew missions over Iraq in support of Operation Southern Watch and over Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of Operation Deny Flight. 1995 marked fifty years of service from the men and women of VF-32. In November 1996, VF-32 and CVW-3 deployed on board USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) for another tour in support of Operation Deny Flight and OSW over Bosnia and Iraq. The cruise proved to be yet another milestone as the Gypsies brought digital imagery to the TARPS mission. The new cameras could take up to two hundred digital images and was able to store them on board or transmit them to appropriately equipped ground or sea based receivers up to 300 kilometers away, resulting in a near-real-time reconnaissance capability. The squadron received the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its cutting edge work with Digital TARPS. In August 1997, the Swordsmen of VF-32 began transitioning from the F-14A to F-14B. In February 1998, the Swordsmen received the F-14B Upgrade.

Sister squadrons VF-14 and VF-32 operating from USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67).

In November 1998, VF-32 and CVW-3 deployed aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65) to the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea to support OSW and Operation Deliberate Force. With Iraq’s failure to cooperate with United Nations inspections of known weapon sites, Operation Desert Fox was launched on December 16, 1998. F-14Bs from VF-32 took part in a 33-aircraft strike package on December 16. The first night of the four-day operation was conducted by the US Navy only. Over four days, VF-32 expended 111,054 lb (50,373 kg) of ordnance during 16 strike missions and 38 sorties. During Desert Fox many Tomcat firsts were achieved, including the first GBU-24s dropped in combat by the US Navy, the first multiple GBU-24 drop by any platform in combat, the first combat use of the LANTIRN, the first autonomous F-14 delivery of a GBU-10/16/24, and the first F-14 use of Night Vision Devices in combat. The Swordsmen returned home in May 1999.

2000s[edit]

VF-32 F-14 tail markings

VF-32 deployed once again in November 2000 for the maiden voyage of the USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75). They spent four months in support of Operation Southern Watch and returned home on May 23, 2001. In December 2002 VF-32 deployed once again on Truman in support of Operation Noble Eagle and Operation Northern Watch.

In support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) in 2003, VF-32 was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea aboard Truman. VF-32 flew strike missions and missions in support of US Special Forces on the ground. VF-32 was involved in the worst friendly fire incident of the war when on April 6, 2003 a squadron F-14 crew was cleared to attack an Iraqi tank near Dibakan, 30 miles (48 km) south east of Mosul. Instead, they mistakenly dropped a single laser-guided bomb on a vehicle convoy consisting of US Special Forces and Kurdish resistance fighters, killing 18 Kurdish fighters, 4 US soldiers and a BBC translator. An additional 80 people were wounded. An investigation following the war found that the pilot had been cleared to drop without the benefit of target coordinates provided by the Forward Air Controller, who was “operating under great stress” at the time. Overall, VF-32 flew 275 sorties and expended 247 laser-guided bombs and 118 JDAM. January 2004 marked another historic first when VF-32 became the first operational squadron to attempt the launch of six AIM-54 Phoenix missiles from one aircraft. A launch such as this had not been attempted since 1972. Five of the six active radar missiles were successfully launched. VF-32 returned to Oceana in May 2003.

VFA-32 now operates the F/A-18F Super Hornet.

In 2004 VF-32 deployed again in support of OIF, becoming the first Naval squadron to redeploy in support of OIF. The Swordsmen delivered multiple precision guided munitions on insurgent hideouts using the LANTIRN pod in the urban Close Air Support environment. This would be the squadron's final deployment with the F-14.

In October 2005, VF-32 transitioned to the F/A-18F Super Hornet and in November 2005 the squadron was designated Strike Fighter Squadron Thirty Two (VFA-32).

In November 2007, VFA-32 embarked on USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) for their first F/A-18F Super Hornet cruise, deploying to the Persian Gulf.[3] VFA-32 and the rest of CVW-3 returned home on June 4, 2008. VFA-32 was awarded the Battle Effectiveness Award for maintaining the highest state of battle readiness and sustained superior performance in February 2009.

2010s[edit]

VFA-32 embarked on board the USS Harry S. Truman on May 21, 2010 for a seven-month deployment, to the 5th and 6th fleet areas of operations, in support of maritime security operations and Operation Enduring Freedom. VFA-32 returned on Dec. 20, 2010.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Official site
  • Tony Holmes (2005). US Navy F-14 Tomcat Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Osprey Publishing Limited.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq6-1.htm
  2. ^ Wolf, Rick. "Wolf biography". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force. 
  3. ^ - Harry S. Truman Carrier Strike Group Deploys
  4. ^ - Truman Strike Group Deploys

External links[edit]