Veterans of Foreign Wars
|Motto||Pro deo pro patria (Latin)
(For God, for Country)
|Formation||September 29, 1899|
|Legal status||Federally chartered corporation|
|Headquarters||406 West 34th Street,
Kansas City, Missouri
|Commander in Chief||John Stroud|
|Adjutant General||John Hamilton|
Order of the Cootie,
Sons of the VFW,
VFW National Home
|Formerly called||American Veterans of Foreign Service (AVFS)|
The Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, Inc. is an organization formed in Columbus, Ohio on September 29, 1899, by Spanish–American War veterans of the 17th Regiment of Infantry, Ohio National Guard.
- 1 Mission
- 2 Membership eligibility
- 3 National Military and National Veterans Service Programs
- 4 Community involvement
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
The basic aims of the VFW are: to ensure the national security through maximum military strength, to speed the rehabilitation of the nation’s disabled and needy veterans, to assist veterans’ widows and orphans and the dependents of needy or disabled veterans, and to promote Americanism by means of education in patriotism and by constructive service to communities. The VFW maintains both its legislative service and the central office of its national rehabilitation service in Washington, D.C. The latter nationwide program serves disabled veterans of all wars, members and nonmembers alike, in matters of government compensation and pension claims, hospitalization, civil-service employment preference, and so on. The VFW has more than 10,000 local units, which are known as “posts.”
Membership in the VFW is restricted to any active or honorably discharged officer or enlisted person who is a citizen of the United States and who has served in its military service “in any foreign war, insurrection or expedition, which service shall be recognized by the authorization or the issuance of a campaign medal”.
Partial list of awards, devices, ribbons & medals for eligibility
- SSBN Deterrent Patrol insignia
- Combat Infantryman Badge
- Combat Medic Badge
- Combat Action Ribbon
- Combat Action Badge
- Air Force Combat Action Medal
- Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon (with Gold Border)
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
- Navy Expeditionary Medal, & Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal
- Nicaraguan Campaign Medal
- Yangtze Service Medal
- China Service Medal
- American Defense Service Medal
- European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
- Army of Occupation Medal, Navy Occupation Service Medal
- Korean Service Medal
- Korea Defense Service Medal
- Vietnam Service Medal
- Southwest Asia Service Medal
- Kosovo Campaign Medal
- Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
- Afghanistan Campaign Medal
- Iraq Campaign Medal
Several presidents of the United States have been members of the VFW. They include - Theodore Roosevelt, Harry S Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford and George H. W. Bush. Vice Presidents Spiro T. Agnew and Albert Gore were also members.
National Military and National Veterans Service Programs
National Military Services
VFW National Military Services (NMS) promotes positive awareness of the VFW through community involvement, communication tools, and financial support to qualified military service members. With the variety of support offered, three separate programs were developed under the VFW National Military Services department. These programs are the Operation Uplink, Military Assistance Program, and Unmet Needs.
VFW started Operation Uplink in 1996 to connect deployed and hospitalized service members with their families through free phone calls. In 2004 VFW began providing Free Call Days twice a month to service members deployed abroad. Since then Free Call Days have provided service members with more than 4 million free phone calls home.
Military Assistance Program
The Military Assistance Program (MAP) is the VFW's most direct connection between military units and Posts at the local level. Through MAP Posts have held going away, welcome home events, and unit picnics for numerous military units. In the last 5 years MAP has helped Posts host more than 1 million service members and their families. The Adopt-a-Unit program also falls under MAP and connects military units around the world with a local Post that can offer resources and support.
VFW Unmet Needs was created in 2004 through a corporate partnership to assist military service members and their families who run into unexpected financial difficulties as a result of deployment or other hardships directly related to military service. Unmet Needs assists with basic life needs such as mortgage and rent, home and auto repairs, insurance, utilities, food, and clothing. Unmet Needs helps meet unanticipated financial demands on service members' families that can not be remedied through existing means and provides service members with the comfort of knowing that their families have additional support stateside. The financial assistance is in the form of up to $2,500 in grants that do not need to be repaid. All grants are paid directly to the "creditor" (such as an electric company) and not to the individual. Each case is reviewed individually and acceptance determined by a committee.
National Veterans Services
The National Veterans Services exist to assist veterans in dealing with the Department of Veterans Affairs. This is usually in the form of providing advice and assistance to veterans filing disability claims for pensions, but can also come in the form of advice filing for VA home loans, education benefits, small business loans, or filling out other VA forms. VFW National Veterans Services can offer guidance to veterans wishing to file their own claims, or full-on support preparing, submitting, and tracking the progress of a claim. VFW Service Officers can also help veterans or surviving spouses resubmit denied claims or file a Notice of Disagreement as well as simply answer questions regarding medical, death/burial, and other miscellaneous benefits.
Direct community involvement is a VFW priority, extending beyond the realm of veterans helping fellow veterans. Annually, VFW and the Men's and Ladies Auxiliaries donate more than 13 million volunteer hours of community service. VFW members mentor youth groups, help in community food kitchens, volunteer in blood drives, and visit hospitalized veterans. Others help veterans file compensation claims. VFW's Community Service programs are designed to encourage community service and increase civic pride, which ultimately enhances education, improves the environment, and ensures the availability of health services for veterans.
VFW's Citizenship Education program is designed to stimulate interest in America's history and traditions and to promote citizenship, civic responsibility, and patriotism. VFW's Youth Scholarship programs provide more than $3.5 million in scholarships to our nation's youth. They include Voice of Democracy, Patriot's Pen youth essay contest, and Scout of the Year. The VFW's partnership with the Boy Scouts of America includes sponsoring more than 1,200 Scouting units with 40,000 members across the nation. VFW's Safety Program encourages VFW Posts and Auxiliaries to conduct programs in home, auto, and bicycle safety, as well as programs dealing with drug awareness and substance abuse.
The VFW National Home for Children is a community development in a family-like environment that is home to orphaned or single parent children of VFW or Ladies Auxiliary members. The home, which was established in 1925 on 160 acres (0.65 km2) in Eaton Rapids, Michigan, emphasizes the values of education, good work habits, and sound moral character.
- American Legion
- American Veterans
- Disabled American Veterans
- Grand Army of the Republic
- Returned and Services League of Australia
- Royal British Legion
- Royal Canadian Legion
- Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association
- United Confederate Veterans
- United Spanish War Veterans
- VFW Parkway
- Mason, 1999, pp. 29, 39, 92.
- American Veterans of Foreign Service at Ohio History Central
- Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) at Encyclopædia Britannica
- Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) at Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Presidents". Vfwhawaii.org. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- VFW National Military Services – Operation Uplink, Unmet Needs, Military Assistance Program. Vfw.org. Retrieved on 2011-03-13.
- National Veterans Service NVS Assistance from. the VFW. Retrieved on 2011-03-13.
- Veterans of Foreign Wars. VFW. Retrieved on 2011-03-13.