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VG-10 stands for V Gold 10 ("gold" meaning quality), or sometimes V-Kin-10 (V金10号) (kin means "gold" in Japanese), and is a cutlery grade stainless steel produced in Japan. Takefu Special Steel Co. Ltd., based in Takefu, Fukui Prefecture, Japan (former cutlery/sword-making center of Echizen) originally designed VG-10 stainless steel. Takefu also made another version: VG10W, which contains 0.4 % tungsten (chem. Symbol = W). VG-10's originally was aimed at Japanese chefs, but also found its way into sports cutlery. However, Spyderco has also produced some of its most popular models from VG-10, resulting in a larger market for this steel.
Almost all VG-10 steel knife blades are manufactured in Japan.
VG-10 chemical makeup:
- Carbon: 1.0% Chromium: 15.0% Molybdenum: 1.0% Vanadium: 0.2% Cobalt: 1.5% Manganese: 0.5%
VG-10 should not be confused with VG-1 stainless steel.
- VG-10 is used in many machine-made damascus knives such as those manufactured by KAI Shun, [Sumikama Kasumi] or CHROMA Cnife HAIKU Damascus or the Edge of Belgravia Damascus series. Most Hattori- and Hiro brand knives use this steel as well.
- Japanese kitchen cutlery from Spyderco and KAI/Kershaw/Shun utilize VG-10 in their upscale offerings.
- SOG utilizes VG-10 for their higher end folding knives.
- Richardson Sheffield (Amefa) Midori range use VG-10 damascus steel.
- Fallkniven use VG-10 in their knives (except the top class).
- Cutlery Shoppe's Robert Terzuola-designed Gryphon M-10 is made with VG-10 steel.
- "Inspired ideas for cooking and dining". Amefa. Retrieved 2012-09-14.