VW Cephei

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VW Cephei
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Cepheus
Right ascension 20h 37m 21.5449s
Declination +75° 36′ 01.456″
Apparent magnitude (V) 7.38
Characteristics
Spectral type G5V/G8V/?K3V/?M5V
Astrometry
Distance 90.95 ly
(27.9[1] pc)
Details
Mass 1.21/0.22/0.75/0.19? M
Radius 0.9/0.55/0.77/0.23? R
Luminosity 0.66/0.17/0.26/0.0038? L
Temperature ≈5500/5000/≈4700/≈3000 K
Orbit
Period (P) 0.0007625 yr
Semi-major axis (a) 0.0083AUs"
Eccentricity (e) 0 (fixed)
Other designations
VW Cep, LHS 3565, SAO 9828, LTT 16039, BD+75 752, GJ 9703, NLTT 49671, HD 197433, HIP 101750.

VW Cephei (VW Cep) is an eclipsing contact binary of W Ursae Majoris-type located roughly at 90.6 light years from Sun, whose two component stars share a common outer layer. Because the two components share their outer layers as the components of W Ursae Majoris do, they have the same stellar classification, and are classified as yellow G-type main sequence dwarfs. The components take 0.2783 days (roughly 6.7 hours) to revolve around common barycentre. Orbital period variations would suggest the presence of one more additional perturbing objects of likely low-mass stellar nature.

Unseen companion(s)[edit]

Orbital period variations suggest the presence of one more perturbing unseen object around the eclipsing binary.[1] Several publications have tried to set constrains to putative orbital period and minimum mass for unseen component. The most recent article[1] proposes an orbital period of 29.8 years for a stellar object with roughly three fourths the Sun's mass and high orbital eccentricity (e=0.66). Inclination is assumed being 33.6 degrees. Nevertheless hints of an additional body in the system still subsist and the authors infer a period of 77.46 years and eccentricity of 0.54 for unseen fourth component. Minimum mass is unclear, tentatively assumed being as small as 0.19 Solar masses, as inferred by Pribulla et al. in 2000.[2] In any case orbital solutions are still blurry and further calculations are needed to provide a more robust model.

The VW Cephei planetary system
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b (unconfirmed) 750 (0.75 Solar masses) MJ 4.33 ≈10877 0.77
c (unconfirmed) ≤190 (0.19 Solar masses)? MJ 18.2? ≈28273 0.543

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zasche & Wolf; Wolf, M. (2007). "Combining astrometry with the light-time effect: The case of VW Cep, zeta Phe and HT Vir". Astronomische Nachrichten 328 (9): 928–938. arXiv:0711.3980. Bibcode:2007AN....328..928Z. doi:10.1002/asna.200710828. 
  2. ^ Pribulla et al.; Chochol, D.; Tremko, J.; Parimucha, S.; Vanko, M.; Kreiner, J. M. (2000). "Period study of the contact system VW Cep". Contributions of the Astronomical Observatory Skalnate Pleso 30 (2): 117–139. arXiv:0711.3980. Bibcode:2000CoSka..30..117P.