Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep

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VZ-8 Airgeep
Flyingjeep.jpg
Role Experimental rotorcraft
Manufacturer Piasecki Aircraft
First flight 15 February 1962
Primary user U.S. Army

The Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep (company designation PA-59) was a prototype vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft developed by Piasecki Helicopter. The Airgeep was developed to fulfill a US Army Transportation Research Command contract for a flying jeep in 1957.[1] The flying jeep was envisioned to be smaller and easier to fly than a helicopter.

Design and development[edit]

To meet the US Army's requirement, Piasecki's design featured two tandem, three-blade ducted rotors, with the crew of two seated between the two rotors. Power was by two 425 hp (316.9 kW) Lycoming O-360-A2A piston engines, driving the rotors by a central gearbox. The first of two aircraft ordered by the Army, initially designated the Model 59K Skycar (and later renamed Airgeep) by Piasecki, and designated VZ-8P by the Army flew on 22 September 1958.[2][3]

It was re-engined with a single 425 hp (317 kW) Turboméca Artouste IIB turboshaft replacing the two piston engines, flying in this form in June 1959.[2] After being loaned to the US Navy for evaluation as the Model 59N where it was fitted with floats, it was returned to the Army and its engine replaced by a lighter and more powerful 550 hp (410.1 kW) Garrett AiResearch TPE331-6 engine.[4]

The second prototype was completed to a modified design, designated Model 59H AirGeep II by Piasecki and VZ-8P (B) It was powered by two Artouste engines, with ejection seats for the pilot and co-pilot/gunner and a further three seats for passengers. It was also fitted with a powered tricycle undercarriage to increase mobility on land.

The AirGeep IIs first flight occurred on 15 February 1962 piloted by "Tommy" Atkins.[5]

While the Airgeep would normally operate close to the ground, it was capable of flying to several thousand feet, proving to be stable in flight. Flying low allowed it to evade detection by radar.[6] Despite these qualities, and its superiority over the other two types evaluated by the US Army to meet the same requirement (the Chrysler VZ-6 and the Curtiss-Wright VZ-7), the Army decided that the "Flying Jeep concept [was] unsuitable for the modern battlefield", and concentrated on the development of conventional helicopters.[4]

Variants[edit]

Model 59K Skycar
Company designation for the first aircraft powered by two 180 hp (134.2 kW)) Lycoming O-360-A2A piston engines, given the military designation VZ-8P Airgeep. Later the piston engines were replaced by a single 425 hp (316.9 kW)) Turboméca Artouste IIB turboshaft engine.[7]
Model 59N SeaGeep I
The first aircraft, (after the piston engines were replaced by a single Artouste), whilst on loan to the US Navy, fitted with floats.[7]
PA-59H AirGeep II
The second aircraft, military designation VZ-8P (B), completed with two 400 hp (298.3 kW)) Turboméca Artouste IIC turboshaft engines and seats for up to five, including the crew.[7]
VZ-8P Airgeep I
The military designation of the first aircraft as delivered
VZ-8P-1 Airgeep I
The first aircraft after the piston engines were replaced by a single 425 hp (316.9 kW) Turboméca Artouste IIB.
VZ-8P-2 Airgeep I
The first aircraft after the Artouste engine was replaced by a lighter and more powerful 550 hp (410.1 kW)) Garrett AiResearch TPE331-6 engine.
VZ-8P (B) Airgeep II
The military designation of the second aircraft.[7]

Specifications (VZ-8P (B))[edit]

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63[7]Flying Jeeps: The US Army's Search for the Ultimate 'Vehicle' [4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (Pilot and co-pilot/gunner)
  • Capacity: up to three passengers
  • Length: 24 ft 5 in (7.45 m)
  • Width: 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
  • Height: 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)
  • Empty weight: 2,611 lb (1,184 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3,670 lb (1,665 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,800 lb (2,177 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turboméca Artouste IIC turbo-shaft engines, 550 hp (410 kW) each
  • Main rotor diameter: 2× 8 ft 2 in (2.5 m)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 85 mph; 73 kn (136 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 70 mph; 60 kn (112 km/h)
  • Range: 30 nmi; 35 mi (56 km)
  • Service ceiling: 2,999 ft (914 m)

Armament

  • Guns: Provision for one recoilless rifle - not fitted

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The Flying Platforms & Jeeps
  2. ^ a b Harding 1998, p.11.
  3. ^ "PA-59K: History - Flying Jeeps". Piasecki Aircraft Corporation. 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  4. ^ a b c Harding 1998, p.12.
  5. ^ "PA-59H: History - Flying Jeeps". Piasecki Aircraft Corporation. 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  6. ^ http://www.helicoptermuseum.org/AircraftDetails.asp?HelicopterID=27
  7. ^ a b c d e Taylor, John W.R. FRHistS. ARAeS (1962). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co Ltd. 
Bibliography
  • Harding, Stephen. "Flying Jeeps: The US Army's Search for the Ultimate 'Vehicle'". Air Enthusiast, No. 73, January/February 1998. Stamford, Lincs, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0143 5450. pp.10-12.
  • Taylor, John W.R. FRHistS. ARAeS (1962). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co Ltd. 

External links[edit]