Vaal Reefs

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Vaal Reefs
Vaal Reefs is located in South Africa
Vaal Reefs
Vaal Reefs
 Vaal Reefs shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 26°55′44″S 26°44′10″E / 26.929°S 26.736°E / -26.929; 26.736Coordinates: 26°55′44″S 26°44′10″E / 26.929°S 26.736°E / -26.929; 26.736
Country South Africa
Province North West
District Dr Kenneth Kaunda
Municipality City of Matlosana
 • Total 6.15 km2 (2.37 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Total 11,345
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2001)[1]
 • Black African 94.8%
 • Coloured 0.2%
 • White 5.0%
First languages (2001)[1]
 • Xhosa 34.7%
 • Sotho 26.1%
 • Tswana 14.3%
 • Tsonga 6.0%
 • Other 18.9%

Vaal Reefs is a town in Dr Kenneth Kaunda District Municipality in the North West province of South Africa.

The town is home to a large gold mining operation owned by AngloGold Ashanti, a company that was originally incorporated in 1944 under the name of Vaal Reefs Exploration and Mining Company Limited.[2]

A mining accident on 10 May 1995 resulted in the death of 104 miners when a locomotive fell into a lift shaft, landing on the cage and causing it to plunge 1,500 feet (460 m) bottom of the shaft.[3][4] It was history's worst ever elevator disaster.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Vaal Reefs". Census 2001. 
  2. ^ "Group information" (PDF). AngloGold Ashanti Limited. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "104 miners are crushed to death when an elevator carrying gold miners plunges to the bottom of a Vaal Reef mineshaft near Orkne". South African History Online. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Locomotive crushes 105 gold miners". The Independent. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Vaal Reefs Tragedy Commemorated