Vacaria

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Vacaria
Center of Vacaria
Center of Vacaria
Official seal of Vacaria
Seal
Location in Rio Grande do Sul
Location in Rio Grande do Sul
Coordinates: 28°30′44″S 50°56′02″W / 28.51222°S 50.93389°W / -28.51222; -50.93389Coordinates: 28°30′44″S 50°56′02″W / 28.51222°S 50.93389°W / -28.51222; -50.93389
Country Brazil Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Founded October 22, 1850
Area
 • Total 2,123.674 km2 (819.955 sq mi)
Elevation 971 m (3,186 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 62,261
 • Density 29.3/km2 (76/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.805 – high
Website Vacaria, Rio Grande do Sul

Vacaria is a Brazilian municipality in the northeast of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. It is located at a latitude of 28° 30' 44" South and a longitude of 50° 56' 02" west, with an altitude of 971 meters. Its population in 2010 was estimated to be 61,345 inhabitants. The total area of the city is 2105.6 km². The city is known in Brazil for its climate and its production of apples.

History[edit]

It was the Jesuit missionaries that, in the 16th century, started the colonization of the area by spreading the livestock brought from the reductions to the extensive wilderness known as "Baqueria de los Piñales". During more than a century, disputes with the Guarani Indians marked the history of the region, before it was consolidated as an official trail connecting the Plata region to Brazil. In the 19th century the fields of Vacaria were once more the stage of great battles, this time between the imperial soldiers and the republican revolutionists (Ragamuffin War).

Economy[edit]

Its economy is based on cattle raising, agriculture, transportation, flower growing and fruit growing. Vacaria is the largest producer of apples in Rio Grande do Sul and 2nd in the country and is considered the introductory location of wild fruits such as mulberry, bilberry, strawberry and raspberry. The per capita income was estimated by the IBGE in 2003 to be R$9.213,91

Attractions[edit]

Venue of the International Crioulo Rodeo (Rodeio Crioulo Internacional), one of the most important demonstrations of the gaucho culture, the city has also other attractions, such as the Fazenda do Socorro and the beautiful stone-built Cathedral of Our Lady of the Olive Tree.

On top of the natural attractions such as the beautiful sceneries like the valley of the Pelotas River or the Parque das Cachoeiras, Vacaria has other interesting cultural attractions, like the city museum, the Atelier Livre, the public market, the center of craftwork and the Casa do Povo, the only work of the famous architect Oscar Niemeyer in Rio Grande do Sul. Vacaria is also known for the production of a cheese based on the method of the Italian cheese Grana Padano.

Climate[edit]

Vacaria has a humid subtropical highland climate. With mild summers that have an average high of about 24 °C and an average low of about 14 °C. And winters with average high temperature of about 16 °C and an average low of about 7 °C. During winter the temperature commonly goes below freezing but rarely does it snow. In the winter of 1879, was recorded the strongest blizzard in Brazil, with accumulation of 2 meters in the urban area of Vacaria.

Climate data for Vacaria (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
32.4
(90.3)
31.1
(88)
29.0
(84.2)
26.6
(79.9)
24.6
(76.3)
26.4
(79.5)
32.9
(91.2)
30.1
(86.2)
31.2
(88.2)
35.5
(95.9)
32.8
(91)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
26.1
(79)
24.3
(75.7)
21.2
(70.2)
19.0
(66.2)
17.1
(62.8)
17.3
(63.1)
18.1
(64.6)
19.2
(66.6)
21.6
(70.9)
23.5
(74.3)
25.0
(77)
21.5
(70.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
19.7
(67.5)
18.0
(64.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12.5
(54.5)
10.8
(51.4)
10.9
(51.6)
11.7
(53.1)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.1
(62.8)
18.6
(65.5)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.1
(59.2)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.7
(45.9)
6.3
(43.3)
6.4
(43.5)
7.1
(44.8)
8.8
(47.8)
10.5
(50.9)
12.1
(53.8)
13.5
(56.3)
10.5
(50.9)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
6.1
(43)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.4
(36.3)
2.8
(37)
−6.5
(20.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12 9 10 7 5 7 9 10 10 10 8 9 106
Average relative humidity (%) 75.6 78.7 79.6 80.4 80.1 80.5 79.9 80.4 79.0 78.0 76.0 76.2 78.7
Source: INMET[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Normais climatológicas do Brasil 1961-1990" (in Portuguese). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 

External links[edit]