Vaccine-naïve is a term that refers to a lack of immunity, or immunologic memory, to a disease because the person has not been vaccinated. There are a variety of reasons why a person may not have received a vaccination including contraindications due to preexisting medical conditions, lack of resources, previous vaccination failure, religious beliefs, personal beliefs, fear of side-effects, phobias to needles, lack of information, vaccine shortages, physician knowledge and beliefs, and social pressure.
Effect on herd immunity
Communicable diseases, such as measles and influenza, are more readily spread in vaccine-naïve populations, causing frequent outbreaks. Vaccine-naïve persons threaten what epidemiologists call herd immunity. This is because vaccinations provide not just protection to the those who receive them, but also provide indirect protection to those who remain susceptible because of the reduced prevalence of infectious diseases. Fewer individuals available to transmit the disease, reduce the incidence of it, creating herd immunity.
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) immunization schedules
- CDC Vaccine contraindications