Vadakkan Pattukal (or Ballads of North Malabar) is a collection of Malayalam Ballads of medieval origin. These present saga of heroes like Aromal Chekavar, Thacholi Othenan, Kannappa Chekavar, Aromalunni and heroines like Unniyarcha. These northern ballads exemplify the heights of folk-poetry. These ballads are also sometimes associated with deities. Almost all these ballads show strong connections with Kalaripayattu. The oldest compositions do not date earlier than 16th century but their idiom and vocabulary seems older. The Malayalam used is devoid of Tamil and Sanskrit, and thus is probably closest to spoken idiom.
Vadakkan Pattu films
Starting from Udaya's 1961 film Unniyarcha, a lot of films based on Vadakkan Pattu have been made in Kerala. Vadakkan Pattu films were a major film genre during the sixties and seventies. Other major films of this genre include Aromalunni, Kannappanunni, Palattu Koman, Thacholi Othenan, Thacholi Marumakan Chanthu, Kadathanadan Ambadi, Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha and Puthooram Puthri Unniyarcha.
- Sujit Mukherjee, A Dictionary of Indian Literature (Orient Longman Publications, 1998, ISBN 81-250-1453-5), page 406
- Vadakkan and Thekkan Pattukal.(Sri Rama Vilasom Press, 1967), pages 128–148