Vaddukoddai Resolution

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Vaddukoddai Resolution was adopted on 14th May 1976 in Pannakam near Vaddukoddai, Northern Province, Sri Lanka it called for the creation of an independent Tamil Eelam by the Tamil United Liberation Front under the leadership of S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and it fought Sri Lankan parliamentary election, 1977 on its demand for Tamil Eelam and won an overwhelming mandate in the Tamil areas and become the main opposition party in Sri Lanka the only time a minority party has done so.It gave impetus to Tamil Nationalists who claimed it was an democratic endorsement in favor of a separate state[1][2][3][4][5]

Background[edit]

The adoption of the 1972 Sri Lankan which made a Sri Lanka a unitary state with Sinhala being the sole official language and Buddhism becoming the state religion.Federal Party led by S. J. V. Chelvanayakam wanted a Federal state with Tamil being an official language.Earlier accords signed including Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam Pact and the Dudley-Chelvanayakam pact were not implemented by the Sri Lankan Government.[6]

Aftermath[edit]

Tamil United Liberation Front demand for Tamil Eelam led the Sri Lankan Government passed the 6th Amendment which made it mandatory for all members of parliament to take towards the unity state of Sri Lanka.Tamil United Liberation Front resigned and refused to take the oath at a time Tamil militancy was in the rise.Tamil Separatists led by LTTE took over the leadership of Tamils during the course of the Sri Lankan Civil War .[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parliamentary Election - 1977". Department of Elections Sri Lanka. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Sri Lanka-Tamilen zwischen Sezession und Integration. Stuttgart: Steiner. 2000. p. 394. ISBN 3515077170. 
  3. ^ Jacques Bertrand ,Andre Laliberte (2010). Multination States in Asia: Accommodation or Resistance. Cambridge University Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0521143639. 
  4. ^ "Tamil United Liberation Front General Election Manifesto (July 1977)". www.sangam.org. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Parliament Election (1977)". http://www.jpp.co.jp. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  6. ^ Kearney, Robert. "Ethnic Conflict and the Tamil Separatist Movement in Sri Lanka". Asian Survey (University of California Press). Vol. 25, No. 9, Sep., 1985. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  7. ^ A. J. Wilson (1 January 2000). Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism: Its Origins and Development in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century. UBC Press. pp. 114–. ISBN 978-0-7748-0759-3. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 

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