Vadirajatirtha

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Sri Vadirajateertha (Tulu: ಶ್ರೀ ವಾದಿರಾಜ ತೀರ್ಥರು), traditionally 1480 - 1600, a Haridasa, was a Shivalli Tulu Brahmin and native of the village of Hoovinakere, near Kumbhashi in Kundapura taluk, Udupi District in Karnataka state. His parents were Ramacharya and Gauri.[1] He is considered the second highest saint in the Madhva hierarchy, next only to Srimad Ananda Tîrtha, even though his guru was Sri Vyasateertha. He is regarded as an incarnation of Latavya and hence populary known as "BHAVISAMEERA" which means Future Vaayu. He was not only a great poet but also very effective in the administration of the Udupi Matha system. He brought about many changes to the operational system of the Matha which by itself showed his high placing in the Madhva hierarchy.

He became a Sanyasi at the young age of 8. The pre-sanyasa name given to Sri Vadiraja was Bhuvaraha. He worshipped Lord Vishnu in the form of Hayagriva.

It was Sri Vadirajateertha who changed the Paryaya system of Udupi to two years from the earlier practice of 2 months. This extension of each individual Paryaya enabled the Swamis to travel far and wide and spread the message of Madhva tradition. Another of Sri Vadirajateertha's achievements is that he lived a life of 120 years and performed Lord Krishna's Paryaya at Udupi 5 times.He is the first Sanyasi who entered the Vrindavana (his own TOMB) alive after worshipping that for nearly 3 years. The second one who entered the same way is Sri Raghothama tiirtharu and later in 1680's Sri Raghavendra Swamy of Mantralaya entered Brindavana in a similar fashion.

In an age that knew great Sanskrit scholars and intellects, Sri Vadirajateertha who himself was a great scholar, was able to accommodate the needs of the less scholarly, taking the haridasa tradition to the masses by translating many important works into the Kannada language. He was able to explain sophisticated concepts in the form of simple stotras. About the saint, Dr. B.N.K. Sharma writes "In this respect, his work marks a new and necessary phase in the history of Dvaita literature and breathes the spirit of a new age which produced other popular exponents of Madhva-Siddhânta, both in Sanskrit and in Kannada".

Vadirajateertharu used to offer daily prasadam to Lord Hayagriva by holding the prasadam on his head. Lord Hayagriva is said to appear in the form of a horse and eat the prasadam by kneeling on Vadirajateertha's shoulders.

Vadirajateertharu brindavana is installed in Sodhe temple near Sirsi in Karnataka. The temple also has a pond Dhavalaganga which is very sacred and pilgrims take bath in this pond. The pond has four corners and is available for pilgrims only at 2 corners. One corner of the pond is prohibited since it is believed that Lord Bhutaraja uses that corner of the pond even now. The temple has a tradition wherein every devotee visiting the temple needs to offer coconuts to Lord Bhutaraja (bhavi Rudhra).

Famous extant works[edit]

  • Yukti-Mallika (work on logical analysis of different philosophical systems) - This is his Magnum Opus with 5 Chapters called Sourabhas. They are "Guna Sourabha", "Shuddhi Sourabha", "Bheda Sourabha", "Sadhana Sourabha" and "Phala Sourabha". Here is "argues in poetry" as late Prof. B.N.K. Sharma puts it. This work has a commentary by Sri Surottama Teertha the pointiff of Bhandarkeri Mutt and the purvashrama younger brother of the Great Sri Vadirajateertha himself. There is also a commentary on this by late Sri Satya Pramoda Teertha of the Uttaradi Mutt.
  • Mahabharata-Prasthana (an independent view of Mahabharata by Veda Vyasa)- This work is called Mahabharata Lakshalankara an explanation of hundred thousand difficult words of the great epic Mahabharata.
  • Mahabharata-tatparya-Nirnaya (commentary on same work written by Srimad Ananda teertha)with Kannada translation.
  • Rukminisha-Vijaya (narrates encounter between Krishna and Shisupala)- This is a mahakavya which was written to exceed Maga's Shishupala Vada, which is considered one of the pancha mahakavyas (five great poems) of Sanskrit literature.
  • Svapna-Vrndavanakhyana- This is a sort of auto-biography where he explains his swaroopa (original form) and his Rujutva. Rujuyogis are those jivas (forms) who are qualified to attain the position of Brahma.
  • Sarasa Bharati Vilasa- This is about the svarupa's of Lakshmi, Brahma (& Vayu) and Saraswati (& Bharati).
  • Sruti Tattva Prakashika - Explanation of some important verses of Veda which outwordly looks like it is lending support to advaita.
  • Devotional songs in Kannada

Stotras

  • Ramesha Stuthi
  • Dashavataara Stotra
  • Navagraha Stotra
  • Dashavataara Stuti
  • Hayavadana Astaka
  • Narahari Astaka
  • Roupya Peetha Krishna Stuthi
  • Hayavadana Astaka
  • Hayagreeva Panchaka
  • Hayagreeva Dhyana Prakarana
  • Hayagreeva Stuthi
  • Hayagreeva Sampada Stotra
  • Sri Krishna Stavana
  • Dhee Shuddhi Stotra
  • Varaha Hayavadana Stotra
  • Aapada Stotram
  • Ukti Pratyukthi stotram
  • Aksha Panchakam
  • Varaha Panchakam
  • Sri Raama Kavacham
  • Sri Raama Dashakam
  • Sri Raama Panchakam
  • Avataara Traya Stotram
  • Swapna Padyam
  • Lakshmi Shobhane
  • Kannada Hadugalu
  • Tulu Hadugalu
  • Bhogola Varnane

His other works are

  • Sri Nyayaratnavali
  • Thirtha prabandha
  • Sri Hari Bhaktilata
  • Sri Pasandamatakamdanam
  • Sri Vivaranarnavam
  • Sri Upanyasa Ratnamala
  • Kavi Kadamba Kanta bhushana
  • Talavakaropanishad Bhashya Teeka
  • Taittareeyopanishad Bhashya Teeka
  • Kathakopanishad Bhashya Teeka
  • Atharvanopanishad Bhashya Teeka
  • Mandookopanishad Bhashya Teeka
  • Tantra Saara Teeka
  • Shatprashnopanishad Bhashya Teeka Tippani
  • Mahabharatha Tatparya Nirnaya Bhavaprakashika
  • Ishavasyopanishad Bhashya Teeka Prakashana
  • Geethabhashya Tippani
  • Vaikuntavarnane
  • Gundakriye

... to name only a few.

He has written sub-commentaries (Tippanis) on Sri Jayateertha's Nyayasudha and Tattvaprakasika called "Gurvarthadipika". He has also written Tippani on Isavasya Upanishad Tika.

Sri Vadirajateertha's brindavana is in Sodhe, Karnataka.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sharma (1961), p414

References[edit]

  • Sharma, B.N.K (1981,2000) [1961]. History of Dvaita school of Vedanta and its Literature. Bombay: Motilal Banarasidass. ISBN 81-208-1575-0. 
  • Sri Vadirajateertha in Haridasas of Karnataka
  • Latavya [1]

External links[edit]