Vaduz Castle

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Vaduz Castle
Schloß Vaduz (German)
Schlossvaduz.jpg
Vaduz Castle is located in Liechtenstein
Vaduz Castle
Location within Liechtenstein
General information
Type Palace
Location Vaduz, Liechtenstein
Coordinates 47°08′22″N 9°31′28″E / 47.13944°N 9.52444°E / 47.13944; 9.52444Coordinates: 47°08′22″N 9°31′28″E / 47.13944°N 9.52444°E / 47.13944; 9.52444
Construction started 12th century
Owner Princely Family of Liechtenstein

Vaduz Castle (German Schloß Vaduz) is the palace and official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.[1] The castle gave its name to the town of Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein, which it overlooks from an adjacent hilltop.[2]

History[edit]

The earliest mention of the castle can be found in the deed of Count Rudolf von Werdenberg-Sargans for a sale to Ulrich von Matsch. The erstwhile owners - presumably also the builders - were the Counts of Werdenberg-Sargans. The Bergfried (keep, 12th century) and parts of the eastern side are the oldest. The tower stands on a piece of ground some 12 x 13 metres and has a wall thickness on the ground floor of up to 4 m. The original entrance lay at the courtyard side at a height of 11 metres. The chapel of St. Anna was presumably built in the Middle Ages as well. The main altar is late-Gothic. In the Swabian War of 1499, the castle was burned by the Swiss Confederacy. The western side was expanded by Count Kaspar von Hohenems (1613–1640).[3][4][5][6]

The Princely Family of Liechtenstein acquired Vaduz Castle in 1712 when it purchased the countship of Vaduz. At this time, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, combined the countship with the Lordship of Schellenberg, purchased by the Liechtensteins in 1699, to form the present Principality of Liechtenstein.[7] During the medieval days of the principality, the prince could have sought refuge in the castle from a potential peasant uprising.[8]

Today[edit]

The castle underwent a major restoration between 1905 and 1920, then again in the early 1920s during the reign of Prince Johann II, and was expanded during the early 1930s by Prince Franz Joseph II. Since 1938, the castle has been the primary residence of Liechtenstein's Princely Family. The castle is not open to the public as the princely family still lives in the castle.[9][10][11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sightseeing : Vaduz Castle- Liechtenstein". Gowealthy.com. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  2. ^ "Fun Things To Do in Vaduz - Attractions & Must See". VirtualTourist. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  3. ^ "Liechtenstein : The Official Tourism Site - Culture & Cuisine - Places of historical interest : Vaduz Castle". 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  4. ^ Cornelia Herrmann. Die Kunstdenkmäler des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. Das Oberland. In: Gesellschaft für Schweizerische Kunstgeschichte GSK: Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz. Bern 2007, ISBN 978-3-906131-85-6. 
  5. ^ "Vaduz Castle on Dickemauern.de (in German)". 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  6. ^ "Ground plan of Vaduz Castle on Dickemauern.de (in German)". 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  7. ^ Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. "Schloss Vaduz, Liechtenstein". Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  8. ^ christopher-eger.suite101.com
  9. ^ "Article about Vaduz Castle and Schalun castle (includes images of both)". 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Liechtenstein - Vaduz Castle". Tourismus.li. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  11. ^ "Photo gallery of Liechtenstein and Luxembourg castles, including photos of Vaduz Castle". 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2013-04-14.