Vadym Hetman

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Vadym Hetman
Вадим Гетьман
Vadym Hetman portrait.jpg
Vadym Hetman's portrait.
2nd Chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine
In office
March 24, 1992 – 1993
Preceded by Volodymyr Matvienko
Succeeded by Viktor Yushchenko
Personal details
Born Vadym Petrovych Hetman
July 12, 1935
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Snityn, Ukrainian SSR
Died April 22, 1998(1998-04-22) (aged 62)
Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
Political party None; Independent
Relations Wife and two children[1]
Occupation Statesman and banker
Signature

Vadym Petrovych Hetman (Ukrainian: Вадим Петрович Гетьман; July 12, 1935 – April 22, 1998) was a Ukrainian statesman and banker. He is credited with the creation of the central bank of the country, the National Bank of Ukraine.

He was assassinated in April 1998 in his home in Kiev. According to the Prosecutor General of Ukraine the crime was paid for by former Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko.[2][3] He was posthumously conferred the title of Hero of Ukraine on July 11, 2005.

Early life[edit]

Vadym Petrovych Hetman was born in the village of Snityn, located in Poltava Oblast (at the time, the Ukrainian SSR), in 1935.[1]

In 1956, he finished the Kiev Financial-Economic Institute, after which he worked in various financial institutions in Zaporizhia Oblast. In 1975, Vadym Hetman was named the first vice-president to the Head of the Government Committee of Pricing of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1987, he became the head of the Agricultural-Industrial Bank of the Ukrainian SSR (since 1990 — Bank "Ukraine").

Banker and politician[edit]

On March 24, 1992, Vadym Hetman was accepted as the Chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine.[4] He supervised early monetary reforms in newly independent Ukraine through 1993, when he resigned from his position as the head of the supervisory board of the National Bank. However, he maintained close ties with his successor, Viktor Yushchenko. Interestingly, Hetman's signature appears on the original banknotes of Ukraine's national currency, the hryvnia, which was introduced only in September 1996.

Hetman was also a member of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) from 1990 to 1998. He went for his second term as deputy in 1994 from the Talne electoral district of Cherkasy Oblast, but as a nonpartisan. He received 50.97% of the vote in the first round of voting.

He ran for his third term in March 1998, but failed to get re-elected, receiving only 21.85% of the vote, 3.87% below the required percentage to win. His challenging opponent in the parliamentary election was the first vice-president of the Minister of Information of Ukraine, Mykhailo Onofryichuk.[5]

He is also known to have complained to the then President Leonid Kuchma about voting irregularities within the parliament itself.

Assassination[edit]

Hetman was shot by an apparently professional killer in the elevator of his own apartment block in Kiev on April 22, 1998.[3]

An alleged assassin, a 29-year-old Serhiy Kulev, and member of the "Bandy Kushnera" clan of the Donbas, was only found in 2002. He was later sentenced to life imprisonment without bond in April 2003. The Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine has claimed that the assassination was ordered and paid for by Pavlo Lazarenko, a former Ukrainian Prime Minister.[2] Lazarenko denies this.[3]

Despite the Luhansk City Court's verdict, the case remains far from being certain. In early August 2005, the media reported that the convict filed an appeal to the Supreme Court of Ukraine on grounds that he had been forced to make a false confession. His lawyer subsequently made a public statement that the case was entirely fabricated.

Awards and legacy[edit]

Vadym Hetman was posthumously conferred the title of Hero of Ukraine by President Yushchenko on July 11, 2005.[6]

On July 12, 2005, a memorial plate was established in his honour on House № 13, where Hetman lived and was assassinated.

In 2005, The Kiev National Economic University was renamed in honour of Vadym Hetman, which he attended in the 1950s.

On April 19, 2006, the Industrial Street in Kiev was renamed in his honour.[7]

A regatta cup, "Vadym Hetman Cup" bears his name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Biography of people's deputy". Verkhovna Rada website. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Former Ukrainian Prime Minister Lazarenko appeared to be a killer". Pravda (in Russian). March 2, 2004. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  3. ^ a b c (Ukrainian) Генпрокуратура перевіряє Тимошенко на причетність до ще одного вбивства, BBC Ukrainian (7 April 2012)
  4. ^ "On the Head of the National Bank of Ukraine". Verkhovna Rada website. March 24, 1992. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  5. ^ Drobiazko, Anatoliy (April 25 – May 1, 1998). "This country now has less choice". Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  6. ^ "On the naming of Vadym Hetman as Hero of Ukraine". Verkhovna Rada website (in Ukrainian). July 11, 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  7. ^ "In Kiev, a street was renamed in honour of Vadym Hetman". Official website of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). July 11, 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 

External links[edit]


Government offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Matvienko
Chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Viktor Yushchenko