Vaginal artery

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Artery: Vaginal artery
Gray1170.png
Arteries of the female reproductive tract (posterior view): uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries.
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Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view.
Latin arteria vaginalis
Gray's p.616
Supplies urinary bladder, ureter, vagina
Source Internal iliac artery
Uterine artery
Vein vaginal venous plexus

The vaginal artery is an artery in females that supplies blood to the vagina and the base of the bladder.

Terminology[edit]

The vaginal artery is usually defined as a branch of the internal iliac artery.

Vaginal artery

Some sources say that the vaginal artery can arise from the internal iliac artery or the uterine artery.[1] However, the phrase vaginal branches of uterine artery is the Terminologia Anatomica term for blood supply to the vagina coming from the uterine artery.

Some texts consider the inferior vesical artery to be found only in males, and that this structure in females is a vaginal artery.

Structure[edit]

It descends to the vagina, supplying its mucous membrane. It can send branches to the bulb of the vestibule, the fundus of the bladder, and the contiguous part of the rectum.

The vaginal artery is frequently represented by two or three branches.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 290. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.