Vaginectomy is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of the vagina. It is usually used as a treatment for vaginal cancer. Vaginectomy is also used as part of some types of female-to-male sex reassignment surgery.
Vaginectomy can be divided into two kinds of operations.
An operation under which the whole vagina is removed is called a radical vaginectomy. If only the upper part of the vagina is removed then the operation is called a partial vaginectomy. Which process is best depends upon the severity of the case and the affected areas.
Usually after a radical vaginectomy, a plastic surgeon will perform a vaginal reconstruction (or vaginoplasty), using skin and muscle from other body parts, for aesthetic reasons.