Vaila

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For the village in Estonia, see Vaila, Estonia.
Vaila
Location
Vaila is located in Shetland
Vaila
Vaila
Vaila shown within Scotland
OS grid reference HU213462
Names
Norse name Valey
Area and summit
Area 327 hectares (1.26 sq mi)
Area rank 82[1]
Highest elevation 95 metres (312 ft)
Population
Population 2[2]
Population rank 86=[1]
Pop. density 0.6 people/km2[2][3]
Groupings
Island group Shetland
Local Authority Shetland Islands
Flag of Scotland.svg Lymphad3.svg
References [4][5]

Vaila (Old Norse: "Valey") is an island in Shetland, Scotland, lying south of the Westland peninsula of the Shetland Mainland. It has an area of 327 hectares (1.26 sq mi), and is 95 metres (312 ft) at its highest point.[3]

Vaila is home to an organic sheep farm and is also known for its mountain hares.

History[edit]

The island has been inhabited for thousands of years, and neolithic and bronze age remains have been found here.[3]

Older remains on the island include Mucklaberry Castle tower, which was restored in the 1890s.[6]

In 1490, the Ciske family's estates were divided and Vaila and Foula became the property of Alv Knutsson. However, the Ciskes were Norwegian, and as Scotland had annexed Shetland a few decades before, there were confusing and conflicting claims of ownership.[3]

In the 17th century Martin Martin recorded an unusual folk tale:

The inhabitants of the isle Vaila say that no cat will live in it, and if any cat be brought to it, they will rather venture to sea, than stay in the isle. They say that a cat was seen upon the isle about fifty years ago; but how it came there was unknown. They observed about the same time, how the proprietor was in great torment, and as they supposed by witchcraft, of which they say he then died. There is no account that any cat has been seen in the isle ever since that gentleman’s death except when they were carried to it, for making the above-mentioned experiment.[7]

In 1837, Arthur Anderson (the co-founder of P&O), chose the island as the base for his Shetland Fishery Company. This helped end landlords' dominance of the Shetland fishing industry.[8] The journalist John Sands lived on Vaila for a while during the late nineteenth century.[9]

Vaila Hall, was built in the 1890s, by Herbert Anderton, a Yorkshire mill owner.[8] It is considered to be one of the finest mansions in all of Shetland. It incorporates an older laird's house, built by James Mitchell in 1696.[3][6] Stone and Labour were brought in from England, and ornamentation from even further away: for example, it is thought that the stone griffins may come from Germany.

The Anderstons owned the island until 1993.[3]

Geography and geology[edit]

Muckle Flaes and Vaila from Culswick, Mainland

The geology consists of fine dark grey sandstone of the type found in nearby Walls, which was formed 400 million years ago, and subjected to glacial processes. There is some Sandsting granite in the south east by Gaada Stacks.[3]

There are five burns, and four ponds on the island, meaning that it is fairly well watered.

The south end is higher and dominated by Ward Hill (a common name in the Northern Isles.), which is divided into West Ward (81 metres), Mid Ward and East Ward (95 metres).[3]

There are several caves in the south and west, and natural arches on the east and west coasts.

To the north west is Wester Sound, and Easter Sound to the East. Vaila Sound is to the north, and contains one of the many Shetland islands called Linga.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ a b National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Haswell-Smith, Hamish. (2004) The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh. Canongate.
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/getamap/. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  5. ^ Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
  6. ^ a b Overview of Vaila
  7. ^ Martin, Martin (1703) "A Description of The Western Islands of Scotland Appin Historical Society. Retrieved 3 March 2007.
  8. ^ a b Keay, J. & Keay, J. (1994) Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland. London. HarperCollins.
  9. ^ Fleming, Andrew (2005) St Kilda and the Wider World: Tales of an iconic island. Macclesfield. Windgather Press. Page 159.

Coordinates: 60°12′N 1°35′W / 60.200°N 1.583°W / 60.200; -1.583