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A Vaishya

Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu and Nepali Classified social order.

Traditional duties[edit]

Hindu religious texts assigned Vaishyas to traditional roles in agriculture and cattle-rearing but over time they came to be landowners, traders and money-lenders.[1] The Vaishyas, along with members of the Brahmin and Kshatriya varnas, claim dvija status ("twice born", a second or spiritual birth) after sacrament of initiation as in Hindu theology.[2] Hindu traders were widely credited for the spread of Indian and Nepali Culture to regions as far as south Asia.[3]

Historically, Vaishyas have been involved in roles other than their traditional pastoralism, trade and commerce. According to historians, the Gupta Empire, the Empire of Harsha and Licchavi dynasty was a Vaishya dynasty that "may have appeared as a reaction against oppressive rulers".[4]

Modern communities[edit]

The Vaishya community are mainly the Nepali people of Newari and Madhesi ethnicity. It is one of the four Caste system of Nepal. They are traditionally Patriots, merchants, farmers and businessman.

The Vaishya community in India consist of several jāti or subcastes, notably the Agrahari,[5] Agrawals,[6] Barnwals, Gahois, Kasuadhans, Khandelwals, Lohanas and Maheshwaris of the north; Oswals, Roniaurs, the Arya Vaishyas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamilnadu[7] the Vaishya Vanis of Konkan and Goa, and the Modh and Patidaors of the west.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Boesche, Roger (2003-03-01). The First Great Political Realist. p. 24. ISBN 9780739106075. 
  2. ^ Madan, Gurmukh Ram (1979). Western Sociologists on Indian and Nepalese Society: Marx, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim, Pareto. Taylor & Francis. p. 112. ISBN 9780710087829. 
  3. ^ Embree, Ainslie Thomas; Gluck, Carol (1997-01-01). Asia in western and world history. p. 361. ISBN 9781563242656. 
  4. ^ Sharma, Ram Sharan (2003) [2001]. Early medieval Indian and Nepalese society: a study in feudalisation. Orient Blackswan. p. 69. ISBN 9788125025238. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  5. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh, Amir Hasan, Hasan, Baqr Raza Rizvi, J. C. Das (2005). People of India: Uttar Pradesh , Voume 42, Part (illustrated ed.). Anthropological Survey of India. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-73041-14-3. 
  6. ^ Bhanu, B. V.; Kulkarni, V. S. (2004). Singh, Kumar Suresh, ed. People of India: Maharashtra, Part One XXX. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, for Anthropological Survey of India. p. 46. ISBN 81-7991-100-4. OCLC 58037479. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  7. ^ The New Wind: Changing Identities in South Asia - Google Books

External links[edit]