Valday, Novgorod Oblast

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Valday (English)
Валдай (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Church of Saint Catherine (Valday) 02.jpg
The church of St. Catherine (1790s, attributed to Nikolay Lvov)
Map of Russia - Novgorod Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Valday is located in Novgorod Oblast
Valday
Valday
Location of Valday in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 57°58′45″N 33°15′10″E / 57.97917°N 33.25278°E / 57.97917; 33.25278Coordinates: 57°58′45″N 33°15′10″E / 57.97917°N 33.25278°E / 57.97917; 33.25278
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast
Administrative district Valdaysky District[1]
Administrative center of Valdaysky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Valdaysky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Valdayskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Valdaysky Municipal District, Valdayskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 16,098 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1495[5]
Town status since 1770[6]
Valday on WikiCommons

Valday[7] (Russian: Валда́й) is a town and the administrative center of Valdaysky District of Novgorod Oblast, Russia,.[1][8] It lies on the federal highway M10 connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg, 386 kilometers (240 mi) from Moscow and 140 kilometers (87 mi) from Veliky Novgorod. Municipally, it is incorporated as a part of Valdayskoye Urban Settlement in Valdaysky Municipal District.[2] Population: 16,098 (2010 Census);[3] 18,703 (2002 Census);[9] 19,173 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography[edit]

Valday is located on the southwestern shore of Lake Valdayskoye, the biggest one in the set of lakes in the highest region of the Valdai Hills.

History[edit]

Valday was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1495. At the time, the area was a part of Derevskaya Pyatina of Novgorod.[5] The growth of Valday was facilitated by construction of a road connecting Novgorod to Central Russia, and by the foundation of the Valday Iversky Monastery in 1653, which became a major cultural center. The famous monastery, built under the auspices of Patriarch Nikon in the 1650s, is located on one of the islands of Lake Valdayskoye.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1770, Valday was chartered[6] and became the administrative center of Valdaysky Uyezd of Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was transformed into Novgorod Governorate.[11] The area was located along the road connecting Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and Valday developed as a major trade center. The town became the leading center of bell manufacturing in Russia. It also became a major pilgrim destination.[11]

In August 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Valdaysky District was established, with the center in Valday. Novgorod Governorate was abolished as well, and the district belonged to Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts became directly subordinate to the oblast. Valday was close to the eastern front line for Russia during World War II, but was never occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Valdaysky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.[11]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In Valday, there are enterprises of timber and food industries, as well as enterprises producing optical devices and pumps.[12]

Transportation[edit]

A railway which connects Bologoye and Pskov via Staraya Russa passes through Valday. The town is also connected to Kresttsy with a railway. There is no passenger traffic, but the railway is in use for cargo traffic.

Valday is located on the M10 highway which connects Moscow and Saint Petersburg. There is a road connection to Okulovka as well as local roads.

Tourism[edit]

Valday is a popular tourist destination, situated in the middle of the Valdaysky National Park. Most tourists visit the lake and the town during the summer. Valday features many recreation facilities and sanatoria, and many camping places are available around the lake. The first meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club was also held on the lake.

Residence of the President of Russia[edit]

Very close to the town on the coast of Lake Valdayskoye there is a residence of the Russian president. The complex of buildings is highly secured and a large sector of the lake is closed for boats and swimmers. This place was a favorite of the former Russian presidents Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Valday contains forty-three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seventy-four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[13] The federal monuments are the ensemble of Valday Iversky Monastery, the Presentation Church and a park.

The Valdaysky District Museum, located in Valday, displays two exhibitions. One is devoted to the history of Valday as a center of an uyezd in the 19th century. This part of the museum is located in the Mikhaylova House, a 19th-century historical building. The second part, in the former Church of Saint Catherine, highlights history of Valday bell-making.[14] In the end of the 18th and in the 19th century, bell-making was a traditional handicraft in Valday. Big church bells, as well as small bells which were hung to a horse harness, were produced.[5]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 49 208 501», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 49 208 501, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c "История города и района" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Администрации Валдайского муниципального района. 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 62. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. ^ The name is alternatively spelled Valdai
  8. ^ Darby; Richard Brookes, William Darby (1827). Darby's Universal Gazetteer: Or, A New Geographical Dictionary.... Original from the New York Public Library: Bennett & Walton. p. 837. 
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c Снытко, О.В.; et al (2009). С.Д. Трифонов, Т.Б. Чуйкова, Л.В. Федина, А.Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. p. 35. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Район сегодня" (in Russian). Администрация Валдайского муниципального района. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "Валдайский краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №232-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной Закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #232-OZ of April 1, 2013 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №349 от 13 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #349 of November 13, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №371-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Валдайского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городского и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №216-ОЗ от 1 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы, содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №2, 12 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #371-OZ of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Valdaysky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #216-OZ of March 1, 2013 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Containing the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]