Valehouse Reservoir

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Valehouse Reservoir
Longdendale4695.JPG
From the Rhodeswood dam (March 2008)
Location Derbyshire
Coordinates 53°28′34″N 1°56′49″W / 53.476°N 1.947°W / 53.476; -1.947Coordinates: 53°28′34″N 1°56′49″W / 53.476°N 1.947°W / 53.476; -1.947
Lake type compensation reservoir
Primary inflows River Etherow
Primary outflows River Etherow
Basin countries United Kingdom
Surface area 63 acres (25 ha)
Max. depth 40 ft (12 m)
Water volume 343×10^6 m3 (12.1×10^9 cu ft)
Surface elevation 503 ft (153 m)

Valehouse (or Vale House) Reservoir is a man-made lake in Longdendale in north Derbyshire. It was built between 1865 and 1869 as part of the Longdendale chain, which was built to supply water from the River Etherow to the urban areas of Greater Manchester while maintaining a constant flow into the river.[1] The upper reservoirs supply the drinking water, while Vale House and Bottoms are compensation reservoirs which guarantee the flow of water to water-powered mills downstream.[2] Valehouse, with a crest elevation of 503 m, is too low to supply water under gravity to the Mottram tunnel, so could not be used as an impounding reservoir. Today 45 megalitres of compensation water are released each day into the River Etherow.[3]

Valehouse Reservoir emptied in the drought of 2010

Vale House Mill was purchased by Manchester Corporation in 1864, but a few villagers remained in the village of Vale House until 1868. In 1869 the hamlet was flooded out. The village was substantial, having an estimated population of 600 houses and 100 cottages. There was a gasworks and a school house for 24-30 scholars. Vale House Mill was the first spinning and weaving mill in Longdendale; it was built in 1775 by Samuel Oldknow. In 1864 it was owned by William Hobbs and Co. It had two carding rooms, nine spinning rooms, three weaving rooms and two Blowing Rooms. It had 15416 spindles and 326 power looms. Vale House residents worshipped at the Ebenezer Methodist Chapel in Tintwistle (built 1830), which was above the reservoir.[4]

The chimney at Vale House Mill was demolished in 1887 at the request of the Manchester to Sheffield Railway Company, who feared for the stability of their trains when all the passenger crowded over to one side of a carriage to see the chimney.

The puddle trench was dug to a depth of 35 ft to a layer of Lower Millstone Grit, which rested on Limestone Shales, and a good watertight seal was easily achieved.

It was stated in a statuary report, under the Reservoir Safety Act 1975, dated 12 June 1984, that all five reservoirs could be over-topped during a Probable Maximum Flood, so major works were undertaken. The retention level was raisd by 3.81 m, the embankment crest by 1.8 metres, and the wave wall was rebuilt. An 80 m wide auxiliary spillway was constructed, two new 900 mm butterfly valves installed and existing valves descaled and motorised. The 11kV overhead powerline was routed in a new embankment crest duct.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Peak District National Park - Fact Zone 21. Longdendale in the National Park
  2. ^ Tintwistle - history
  3. ^ Quayle, Tom (2006). Manchester's Water: The reservoirs in the hills. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-3198-6. 
  4. ^ Quayle, Tom (2006). The Cotton Industry in Longdendale and Glossopdale. Stroud,Gloucestershire: Tempus. p. 126. ISBN 0-7524-3883-2. 


Preceded by
Bottoms Reservoir
Longdendale Chain Reservoirs
(West to East)
Succeeded by
Rhodeswood Reservoir