Map of Bohol showing the location of Valencia
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||3rd of Bohol|
|• Type||Strong Mayor-Council|
|• Mayor||Henrietta Lim Gan|
|• Total||100.77 km2 (38.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||270/km2 (710/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Valencia is a fourth class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,586 people. It is on the southern coast of Bohol, 42 kilometres (26 mi) from the capital Tagbilaran City.
For the education of the children there are elementary schools in the poblacion and in the barrios. For their secondary education, students may go to the Valencia High School, a public school.
Valencia is the birthplace of former Executive Secretary Juan Pajo.
Valencia is politically subdivided into 35 barangays.
- Banderahan (Upper Ginopolan)
- Canduao Occidental
- Canduao Oriental
- La Victoria
- Poblacion Occidental (Sawang)
- Poblacion Oriental (Sur)
Its former name used to be Panangatan, which comes from the root word sang-at, meaning "to put up on an elevated place". This referred to the practice of fishermen from Dimiao and Lila who would put up (sang-at) their boats on the banks of the Panangatan River when taking shelter during the southwest monsoons. Here nipa palms grew along the river, preventing the boats from being washed away by the waves.
Panangatan remained part of Dimiao until 1867. That year a Spanish priest was assigned to the place and it became a separate municipality. The priest gave it a new name, naming after his birthplace in Spain. In 1879 Valencia had a population of 7,009.
|Population census of Valencia|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The principal industries of the people today are weaving, pot making, and fishing. The most important products are coconuts, rice, corn and fish. The Badiang Spring Resort — a popular seaside resort with a waterfall and swimming pools — creates some tourism by attracting local excursionists and foreign visitors.
The market day, locally known as Tabu is held weekly every Sunday. Local produce such as fresh fruits, vegetable, fresh meat and live poultry are sold. The days of this weekly community occasion differ from town to town.
Valencia Parish Church
The parish of the Santo Niño and the town of Valencia began as Barrio Panangatan of Dimiao. Conjoined with adjacent barrios, it was constituted a town in 1869 and a parish in 1871 and named after a city on Spain’s southern coast. The church building commenced during the term of Fray Mariano Cornago (1870–77) and was completed in 1882 by Fray Francisco Arraya, who laid the church’s wooden floor. The church walls were of tabique but were later replaced by cement.
Heritage Site: The church is cruciform with a steep roof and a pyramidal crossing tower. Cut stone is used in parts of the church like the façade, however, concrete is found elsewhere. The real treasure of the church is its wooden floor of alternating dark (tindalo or balayong) and light (molave or tugas) wood planks. At the transept crossing an eight pointed flower design is used for the floor while, a herringbone pattern is used elsewhere. The interior is unpainted, unlike most Bohol churches and has altars in the neoclassical idiom.
The convent is located not beside the church as customary but across the street. This structure was renovated in the 19th century. Just recently, the local church leadership has caused the fencing of the entire vicinity of the convent.
- "Municipality of Valencia". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality - Region VII - Central Visayas: 1990, 2000, and 2010". National Statistics Office.
- National Statistics Office - Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valencia, Bohol.|
- Municipal Government of Valencia, Bohol
- Municipality of Valencia
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census info