Valencia, Negros Oriental
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||3rd district of Negros Oriental|
|• Mayor||Edgar Teves|
|• Total||147.49 km2 (56.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class municipality,partially urban|
Valencia is a first class municipality in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) west of Dumaguete City, the largest city and capital of the province. According to the national 2010 census, Valencia has a population of 31,477 people. The municipality was voted as "the greenest and cleanest" town of Negros Oriental in 2007. The mayor of Valencia is Edgar Teves, who was elected in 2013.
Valencia occupies an area of 14,749 hectares (36,400 acres), 35% of which are classified as plains. The town is 65% mountainous, with elevation averaging from 200 to 500 metres (660 to 1,600 ft) above sea level, with the top of Mount Talinis at an elevation of 1,903 metres (6,243 ft) along the municipal southern boundary. The climate in the municipality is relatively cool, especially at higher elevations.
The region is also the most critical watershed area of Negros Oriental, providing abundant drinking water to Valencia and its neighboring municipalities.
The town is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.
- East Balabag
- West Balabag
- North Poblacion
- South Poblacion
Valencia was originally named Ermita, which means "a secluded place", due to its being a refuge from marauding Muslim pirates. In 1856 it was renamed to Nueva Valencia by Spanish colonizers, in honor of its parish priest Fr. Matias Villamayor from Valencia, Spain.
In 1920 it was renamed Luzuriaga (also spelled Luzurriaga) in honour of Don Carlos Luzuriaga, a delegate from Negros island to the Philippine Legislature who promised town officials he would work hard to help improve the town. The town was renamed Valencia in 1948, by virtue of Republic Act No. 252.
In 2007, its Municipal Police Station (under the Negros Oriental Provincial Police Office (NOPPO) headed by Senior Supt. Melvin Ramon Buenafe) was adjudged the “Municipal Police Station of 2007” in the best unit awards category, and the best town police station in the Central Visayas (General order no. 110 dated January 22, 2008).
|Population census of Valencia|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The Cebuano language is the common vernacular in Valencia. English is also widely spoken.
The municipality is also the site of a geothermal power station operated by the Energy Development Corporation (EDC). It generates electricity that supplies the needs of Negros, Panay, and part of Cebu. The municipal government receives royalties from the power station which are used to subsidize electricity costs of local residents. Each household receives a monthly rebate of P800 on their electricity bill.
Valencia, specifically, has a 20-megawatt Palinpinon 2 Geothermal Optimization Project in Sitio Nasuji, Barangay Puhagan, 35 kilometers from Dumaguete City. The P 1.74-billion geothermal optimization (expansion) project, funded the Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) is part of EDC's 192-MW Southern Negros Geothermal Production Field that supplies the power needs of 8 provinces in Negros, Panay, Guimaras and Cebu Islands. Valencia's 192-MW Palinpinon I and II geothermal field ranks 4th in installed capacity nationwide. The Palinpinon field contributed $457.8 million in 2004 foreign exchange savings for 2004, and also generated $ 267 million savings from January to July, 2008.
Because Palinpinon is such a big source of geothermal energy, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo said it received P 250 million in royalties, applied for livelihood, education, related projects, and also for the 50% subsidy on Valencia electric bills consumers. Many residents also work in the nearby city of Dumaguete.
The Filipino-Japanese Amity Memorial Shrine is located in Valencia. It stands at the foot of Mount Talinis and marks the spot where the combined Filipino and American troops including the Negrosanon guerrilla units fought the Japanese Imperial Army toward the end of World War II.
Eco-tourism sites include:
- Casaroro Waterfalls - as the province’s most photographed body of water, it is relatively enclosed by lush greenery and natural rock formations. The falls' cool water gushes down to a swimming hole.
- Forest Camp - was first opened in 1990, as a 6,000 square meter property, today its 2.2 hectares of land is a vast camping ground, with 2 large nipa hut houses, 4 cottages, a tree house, a 250-people capacity conference/reception hall, a backpacker’s den and a dormitory that can hold up to 20 students.
- The Spanish Fountain - a relic of the town’s colorful historical past at the heart of the municipal plaza, has a unique sunken design, and was once the town’s major source of water supply (invented by an Augustinian friar to channel water from an upland spring).
- Cata-al War Memorabilia - a private collection by an 84 year old World War II survivor Porforio Cata-al, at his residence cum museum. It includes bombs, grenades, Japanese and American bills, coins, medals, charred pieces of an authentic military uniform, and a Japanese soldier mummy
- Filipino-American-Japanese Amity Shrine - on a hilltop, this is a 3-sided pillar representing the 3 countries (Philippines, America and Japan), unveiled in 1977.
- Banica Swimming Lagoon - known as Tejeros resort, it has 2 man made pools fed by Banica River.
- Malabo /Pulangbato Falls - is swimming and diving hole with many reddish rocks.
- Mt. Talinis a 1903 meter peak in the Cuernos de Negros. It has many volcanic lakes, breathtaking views and remarkable biodiversity.
List of former mayors
- Mariano Imbo (Captain)
- Gerardo Imbo (1916 - 1919)
- Eustaquio Vincoy (1919 - 1927)
- Guillermo Albina (1928 - 1931)
- Quiterio Mariño (1931 - 1939)
- Jose Villamil (1940 - 1946)
- Rodolfo Gonzalez, Sr. (1946 - 1967)
- Elpidio Unto (1968 - 1971)
- Rodolfo Gonzalez, Sr. (1972 - 1980)
- Saludario Sonjaco (1981 - 1986)
- Victor Naces (1986 - 1987)
- Jose Villamil (OIC) (1987 - 1988)
- Edgar Teves (1988 - 1998)
- Humberto Sy (1998 - 2001)
- Rodolfo Gonzalez, Jr. (2001 – 2010)
- Enrique Gonzalez (2010 - 2013)
- Edgar Teves (2013 - present)
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Province: Negros Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- elgu.ncc.gov.ph, The Greenest and Cleanest Town of Negros Oriental
- "An act to change the name of the municipality of Luzurriaga, province of Negros Oriental, to that of "Valencia"". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- globalnation.inquirer.net, Valencia police station in NegOr adjudged best
- pia.gov.ph, PGMA invites industries to invest in Negros Oriental and enjoy 50% power subsidy
- dumagueteinfo.com, Sightseeing Around Dumaguete
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System