Valentín Abecia Baldivieso (October 9,1925 – July 28, 2010) was a Bolivian lawyer, historian, writer and diplomat. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1989–1990 and contributed to the process of institutionalization of the Foreign Ministry . He was the author of the three volume bibliographical work The History of Bolivia in International Relations. He was the founder and chairman of the Cultural Foundation of the Central Bank of Bolivia, as well as the president of the Bolivian Academy of History and the Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Bolivia. Abecia also founded the literary group, Gesta Barbara.
He was born in Potosí and was retired for several years before his death in La Paz in 2010.