Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans
|Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans|
|Spouse(s)||Louis de Valois, Duke of Orléans|
|Noble family||House of Visconti|
|Mother||Isabelle of Valois|
|Died||4 December 1408
Valentina Visconti (1368 – died 4 December 1408) was a sovereign Countess of Vertus, and a duchess consort of Orléans as the wife of Louis de Valois, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of Charles VI of France.
She was born in Milan and was the daughter of Giangaleazzo Visconti, the first Duke of Milan, and his first wife, Isabelle of Valois, a daughter of John the Good. After her mother, she was the sovereign Countess of Vertus from 1372, a title she shared with her spouse.
She married her first cousin, Louis de Valois, in September 1389 by papal dispensation. Her marriage contract with Louis, duc d'Orléans, stipulated that in failure of male heirs, she would inherit the Visconti dominions. It was because of this, that her grandson Louis XII of France claimed the Duchy of Milan and embarked on the Italian Wars.
Because of intrigues at the court of Charles VI of France and the enmity of the Queen, Isabeau of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, Valentina was exiled from the court and had to leave Paris. There were rumours that Isabeau was having an affair with Louis and that Valentina was very close to the King, who was in poor mental health.
Louis de Valois was murdered by his cousin and political rival John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy in 1407. Valentina outlived her husband by only a little over a year, dying at Blois at the age of 40.
Her children were:
- Charles, Duke of Orléans (1391–1465), father of King Louis XII of France
- Philip, Count of Vertus (1396–1420)
- John, Count of Angoulême (1400–1467), grandfather of King Francis I of France
- Margaret, Countess of Vertus (1406–1466), married Richard of Brittany, Count of Étampes
- Four boys and two girls who died in childhood
|Ancestors of Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans|
- Emerton, Ephraim (1917). The Beginnings of Modern Europe (1250-1450). Boston: Ginn & Co. p. 406. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
- Williams, George L. (2004). Papal Genealogy: The Families and Descendants of the Popes. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 156. ISBN 0-7864-2071-5. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
Valentina Visconti, Duchess of OrléansBorn: 1368 Died: 4 December 1408
|Countess of Vertus