Valentina Mikhailovna Yegorova (Russian: Валентина Михайловна Егорова, born February 16, 1964) is a long-distance runner from Russia. She was born in Cheboksary.
Yegorova competed in the women's marathon for the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona, Spain. There she won the gold medal beating the Japanese athlete Yuko Arimori into second.
She returned to compete for Russia in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta, U.S., where she won the silver medal in the women's marathon, again beating Yuko Arimori this time into third. Yegorova won the 1993 and 1994 editions of the Tokyo International Women's Marathon and she won the inaugural Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon in 1999.