|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||102.13 g mol−1|
|Melting point||−34.5 °C (−30.1 °F; 238.7 K)|
|Boiling point||186 to 187 °C (367 to 369 °F; 459 to 460 K)|
|Solubility in water||4.97 g/100 mL|
|S-phrases||S26 S36 S45 S61|
|Flash point||86 °C (187 °F; 359 K)|
|Related compounds||Butyric acid
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid, is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C5H10O2. Like other low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids, it has a very unpleasant odor. It is found naturally in the perennial flowering plant valerian (Valeriana officinalis), from which it gets its name. Its primary use is in the synthesis of its esters. Volatile esters of valeric acid tend to have pleasant odors and are used in perfumes and cosmetics. Ethyl valerate and pentyl valerate are used as food additives because of their fruity flavors.
Valeric acid appears similar in structure to GHB and the neurotransmitter GABA in that it is a short-chain carboxylic acid, although it lacks the alcohol and amine functional groups that contribute to the biological activities of GHB and GABA, respectively. It differs from valproic acid simply by lacking a 3-carbon side-chain.
Valeric acid can cause irritation if it comes into contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.
|Look up valeric acid in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Potassium valerate the potassium salt
- 4-Hydroxy-4-methylpentanoic acid
- Pivalic acid (2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid)
- 3-Methylbutanoic acid, also called isovaleric acid
- Merck Index, 12th Edition, 10042.