|Fields||ethnohistory, theory of nation, political anthropology|
|Institutions||Russian State University for the Humanities, Russian Academy of Sciences|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Known for||contributions to the theory of nation, and as a politician|
Valery Aleksandrovich Tishkov Валерий Александрович Тишков (born 6 November 1941) is an ethnologist and former chairman of the State Committee of RSFSR on nationalities from February 27 to October 15, 1992 (Minister for Nationalities according to Carnegie Endowment for International Peace).
Born in Sverdlovsk, Valery Tishkov attended Moscow State University, where he received a B.A. in 1964. He earned an M.A. in 1969 from North-Eastern State University in Magadan, and a Ph.D. degree in 1978 from the USSR Academy of Sciences. Since 2000, he has been Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IEA).
Tishkov started his academic career in Canadian ethnohistory with two books on pre-Confederation Canada and the first Russian version of the History of Canada (1982). His publications gave birth to Canadian studies within Russia. In the 1980s he studied indigenous peoples and published a general text on the contemporary Amerindian population of North America. His primary interests were in political status, historic and comprehensive claims, Indian government and movements.
Since 1990 he has focused on the ethnic factor in Russian transformation as well as on the theory and political practice of ethnicity.
Tishkov’s theoretical challenge came also from his formula ‘Forget the Nation’ (2000) where he suggested a post-nationalist understanding of nationalism. He argued that the nation is a powerful metaphor which two forms of social groupings – polity and ethnic entity – are fighting to have as their exclusive property. There is no sense in defining states and ethnic groups by the category of nation. The latter is a ghost word, escalated to a level of meta-category through historical accident and the inertia of intellectual prescription. A suggested ‘hard scenario’ for breaking the methodological impasse is a ‘zero option’, when both major clients for being a nation will be deprived of a luxury called by that label.
He edited two fundamental encyclopedias on ethnic groups of Russia (1994) and ethnic groups and religions of the world (1998) that present a comprehensive enterprise in ethnographic reference literature.
Tishkov is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Since 2005 he has been a member of the Public Chamber of Russia.
- (1990) Indigenous Peoples of North America. Moscow: Nauka.
- (1996) Ethnic Conflicts in the Context of Social Science Theories // Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World. United Nations University Press. Tokyo, New York, Paris. 1996. P.52-68.
- (1997) Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union. The Mind Aflame. London: Sage Publications.
- (1997) Political Anthropology of the Chechen War // Security Dialogue, vol. 28, N 4, December 1997, p. 425-437.
- (1998) U.S. and Russian Anthropology. Unequal Dialogue in a Time of Transition // Current Anthropology, vol. 39, N 1, February 1998, p. 1-17.
- (1998) La Caucase du Nord: Problemes et politique// Nouveaux mondes, 1998, N 8, p. 147-156.
- (2000) Political Anthropology. Lewiston-Queenston-Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press.
- Smirnov, K. all familiar "vices". Kommersant (Vlast). 2001-10-23
- "Former Russian Minister for Nationalities Valery Tishkov Joins Carnegie Endowment-Carnegie Endowment for International Peace". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 18 September 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2012.