Valinhos (Portuguese pronunciation: [vaˈliɲus]) is a municipality (municipio) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is the birthplace of Adoniran Barbosa. Valinhos is famous for its purple fig, the theme of its annual Fig Fest. It is geographically close to Campinas. The city's estimated population in 2009 was 107,481. Its area is 148.96 square kilometres (57.51 square miles) while its elevation is 660 m (2,165.35 ft). Its name means 'little valleys' in Portuguese.
Name: Valinhos (in Portuguese) derives from the topographic characteristics of the region. The city was founded in 2 December of 1732 by Alexandre Simoes Vieira. A throughway between São Paulo and Valinhos passing through Jundiai had been opened. As known nowadays, Campinas region, was in the past a neighbourhood belonging to the city of Jundiai. The town of Valinhos was created with the goal of starting coffee, fig and grapes plantations. Later on, a railway was created to transport the products to the Santos’ seaport.
Since the fig has been the symbol of the city, they usually have the traditional Fig Fest which more than 75,000 people attend each year. The city is mainly composed by closed neighbourhoods, formed mostly by houses and without any tall buildings. There is also branch of the school Colégio Visconde de Porto Seguro.
Mostly two thirds of the area is a rural community scattered around 89 km2 (34 sq mi), however, the urban area is growing as soon as the neighbourhoods are built. Around the city are the most important highways of the state of São Paulo, which are named Anhanguera, Bandeirantes and Dom Pedro I. They connect all parts of the state and are considered the best highways in the country.
There are small centres of chamber commerce as all cities have, such as banks, hotels, motels, streets and city hall. Industry (commerce) Since 2005, many industries have been built by other entrepreneurs from São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro mostly, when they are invited to come to the interior and start a new life. There are many natural resources in the region too.
- 2009: 107,481 citizens
Population (in percentage)
- Urban 95%
- Rural 5%
- Urban 65.9 km2 (25.4 sq mi)
- Rural 88.0 km2 (34.0 sq mi)
Health, Security and Education
These three sections are provided by the government and are well designed in the town, as well as the children and teenagers have the chance to learn, have their free time, play some sports and are within a secure area. There are two new hospitals in the town that looks after partly two thirds of the population, where it's not paid. However, there is another one, which is private that attends the other third.