||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2013)|
|Stjepan Filipović monument, Tešnjar,Old Water mill, Petnica Lake, Nenadović Tower, River Gradac.|
|• Mayor||Stanko Terzić (SPS)|
|• Municipality||905 km2 (349 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 14|
Valjevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ваљево, pronounced [v̞âːʎɛv̞ɔ]) is a city located in western Serbia. It is the center of the Kolubara District, which includes five other smaller municipalities with a total population of almost 175,000 people. According to the census in 2011, the administrative area of Valjevo has 90,312 inhabitants, of which 59,073 were urban.
Valjevo lies 100 km away from the national capital, Belgrade, and in the close vicinity of one of the most important republic traffic arteries - Ibar highway, which connects the north and the south of Serbia. Arterial highways leading to the Adriatic Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the fertile soil of Mačva, and further towards the breadbasket of Vojvodina, also pass through Valjevo, and they connect Valjevo with other important centres of West Serbia – Šabac, Užice, Loznica and Bajina Bašta. Also passing through Valjevo is the Belgrade - Bar railway, which connects the capital of Serbia with Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea.
Apart from the city, municipality of Valjevo includes the following settlements:
|This section requires expansion. (July 2012)|
In nearby village Petnica scientists found first complete neolithic habitat in Serbia, 6000 years old. In Roman time this area, was an integral part of the province Moesia. Valjevo was mentioned for the first time in 1393 when it was an important staging post on the trade route that connected Bosnia to Belgrade, Valjevo became significant only during stable Ottoman rule in the region during the 16th and 17th centuries. With the beginning of the 19th century, began the historical process, rapid transformation of most of the territory of Serbia. Serbian revolution began with the armed rebellion as the initial phase. Already in 1804, the local Serb population was raised rebellion against the Turkish lords, and succeed to deliver a large part of Serbia. One of the causes for the revolution happened in Valjevo, with killing of two well known knights Ilija Bircanin and Aleksa Nenadovic at bridge over Kolubara by Turks. 20th century, is the century further accelerated the development of settlement, when Valjevo becomes an important industrial, and cultural center. During the First World War in the immediate vicinity of Valjevo has been conducted battle of Kolubara, in the town there was a large hospital for the wounded. The vast destruction the city suffered in World War II, and the end of the 20th century, when it was repeatedly bombed during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
Ethnic composition of the municipality:
The village of Brankovina is situated near Valjevo, and is known as the home of the famous Serbian family Nenadović, which produced leaders of the First Serbian Uprising, ministers of the first Serbian government, spiritual leaders and travel writers Duke Aleksa, Archpriest Mateja Nenadović, Dukes Jakov Nenadović, Sima and Jevrem, writer Čika Ljuba Nenadović and Queen Persida Karađorđević, mother of King Peter I of Serbia. Brankovina hosted the best known Serbian poetess Desanka Maksimović, who spent her childhood (she was born in the nearby Rabrovica) and completed primary school there. Throughout her life, Desanka remained emotionally attached to Brankovina, and she frequently revisited it and spent her last years there, and was finally buried under a hundred year old oak trees in the Brankovina churchyard, according to her wishes. The sights of Brankovina are encompassed in a cultural and historical complex, which includes the Church of Saint Archangel, Archpriest’s school, Desanka's school, Old Courtroom, Sleeping Outbuilding of the Nenadović family, the graves of the Nenadović family and Desanka Maksimović, as well as old “sobrašica” summer houses in the exquisitely beautiful Brankovina church yard. Joakim Vujić, Luka Stančić - basketball, Jordan Ivanović Tv Spiker.
Valjevo mountain range (Medvednik, Jablanik, Povlen, Maljen, Suvobor) with gently-rolling hills surrounding the town is an oasis of clean air, medicinal herbs, forest fruits and wild game. The environment is kept away from industrialisation, the soil unpolluted, so the food is healthy too, and the conditions for hunting and fishing in the mountain rivers are extraordinary. The air-spa of Divčibare is ideal for rest, rehabilitation and recreation. Divčibare, a plateau in the mountain Maljen, with a picnicking tradition of 100 years, has an average altitude of 1000 m. It is 28 km away from Valjevo and 110 km from Belgrade. The epithet “air-spa” refers to the beneficial effect of Divčibare to the respiratory organs resulting from the meeting of maritime, Carpathian and Panonian climates. This picnic area is featured by private accommodation. Mountain lodges in other Valjevo mountains can accommodate mountain fans.
Vrujci Spa has mud baths for rheumatic diseases, as well as a hotel and sport complex with swimming pools.
The canyon of the river Gradac, (also a name of a suburb in Valjevo) whose course, with almost untouched nature, ends in the town centre, is a favourite picnic area of Valjevo citizens during hot summer days. The Gradac is one of the cleanest European rivers, which is evidenced by the presence of otters, which exclusively inhabit clean waters. It abounds in brook trout, so it is a haven for fly angling fans. Old water mills are one of the symbols of this natural reserve of 13 square kilometres, which has been entrusted by the Valjevo Municipal Assembly to the Gradac Ecological Society. It might become a national park in the near future.
In Petnica, 5 km away from Valjevo, there are Petnica Science Center for young researchers, outdoor swimming pools with minor sports facilities, as well as lake Pocibrava, a meeting place for swimmers and fishermen.
- Nenadović Tower (Кула Ненадовића), originally an armory built by Jakov Nenadović and his son Jevrem in spring 1813, next to the road to Šabac, at the edge of Kličevac hill. The construction material was stone from an older Vitković tower. Later, Ottomans turned it to a prison.
The most important cultural institutions are the National Museum, under whose auspices is the Museum of the First and Second Serbian Uprising and displays in Brankovina, the Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments, Historical Archive, Town Library with scientific, home and children’s departments, Cultural Centre with well-equipped stage and auditorium with 630 seats, the Youth Centre with "Gallery 34" for exhibitions and forums and Serbian Language and Culture Workshop, the famous school of Serbian for foreigners. Valjevo has two elite galleries: Modern Gallery with a permanent display of works of Academician Ljuba Popović (1953-63 period), collection of works presented by the exhibitors so far, and a concept of representing fantastic painting after the model of the famous "Mediala", and the International Art Studio "Radovan Mića Trnavac", which stages exhibitions of foreign painters of different styles. The Cultural and Artistic Society "Abrašević" has a renowned choir, folk, music and drama ensembles. Besides "Abrašević", the theatrical performances are given by the private theatre "Mala scena" and the Drama Studio of Valjevo Grammar School. The most famous cultural events are Tešnjar Evenings and Jazz Fest, accompanied by summer literary talks in the Library Yard and Desanka’s May Talks, along with granting the annual poetry award by the Desanka Maksimović Foundation in Brankovina.
The main initiator of the economy of Valjevo Municipality in the second half of the 20th century was the arms manufacturing firm Krušik, which after the difficult economic events in Serbia succeeded in returning to work. In 1999 it has been bombed by Nato planes during the Kosovo War. Krušik currently has a large contract for the Iraqi army. The Valjevo economy is characterized by a large number of small private companies working in the field of metallurgy, food, and to a lesser extent, the textile industry. The Austrian company Austrotherm GmbH, the Italian company Golden Lady and the Slovenian company Gorenje have built production facilities in Valjevo.
Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:
|Socialist Party of Serbia||11|
|Serbian Progressive Party||11|
|Democratic Party of Serbia||3|
|Victory for Valjevo||8|
|Movement for Valjevo||3|
|United Regions of Serbia||3|
|Source: Local Elections in Serbia 2012|
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate).
|Climate data for Valjevo|
|Average high °C (°F)||6
|Average low °C (°F)||−3
|Precipitation cm (inches)||5
|Source: Weatherbase |
These are the official sister cities of Valjevo:
|Slovakia||Prievidza, Trenčín Region|||
|Germany||Pfaffenhofen, Bavaria|||
|Netherlands||Sittard, Limburg|||
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in The Republic of Serbia: Age and Sex – Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2012. ISBN 978-86-6161-023-3. Retrieved 2013-09-11.
- "Kula Nenadovića" (in Serbian). Valjevozavas.net. Retrieved 18 May 2012. "Kula Nenadovića je svakako simbol grada Valjeva. Podignuta je u proleće 1813. godine ..."
- Subotić, Vojislav (2006). Memorijali oslobodilačkih ratova Srbije, Book 1, Volume 1. Vlada Republike Srbije, Ministarstvo rada, zapošljavanja i socijalne politike. p. 97. Retrieved 18 May 2012. "Kula Nenadovica (Nenadovic's Tower) ... was built at Jakob Nenadovic's command in 1813. He was Minister for Private Affairs. It served for military purposes. Turks used it as a prison later"
- 70 years of Krušik
- Climate Summary
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on May 31, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valjevo.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Valyevo.|