Valkiri

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Valkiri
Type Multiple rocket launcher
Place of origin  South Africa
Service history
In service 1982 – present[1]
Used by South African National Defence Force
Wars South African Border War
Angolan Civil War
Namibian War of Independence
Production history
Designer Denel, Somchem
Variants Bateleur (40 launch tubes)
Specifications
Weight 6,400 kg (14,080 lbs)
Length 5.35 m (17 ft 7 in)
Width 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in)
Height 2.32 m (7 ft 7 in)
Crew 2

Cartridge HE-Fragmentation: 2.68 m (8 ft 10 in)
Caliber 127 mm (5 in)
Barrels 24
Effective firing range 36 km (22 mi)

Engine diesel
Suspension Mercedes Benz Unimog 4×4 truck
Operational
range
400 km (250 mi)
Speed 90 km/h (56 mph) (road)

The Valkiri is a South African self-propelled multiple rocket launcher. It is a 127mm system with a wheeled launcher vehicle, disposable pods, and fire control equipment developed by Denel Land Systems.[2] Contemporary models consist of a single launch module with five eight-cell rocket pods on a Unimog or SAMIL-100 carrier. Its mission is to engage in counter-battery strikes against hostile artillery and air defences as far as 22 km (13 mi) away. A full salvo of 40 127mm ripple fired projectiles with the HE submunition warhead will saturate a 1,500 m2 area with 388,000 anti-personnel bomblets in less than a minute.[3] Other potential warheads include cluster and an anti-tank mine dispenser.[4]

The system is based on the Soviet BM-21 Grad, which was deployed against South African expeditionary forces in Angola during Operation Savannah. Development was completed in 1981.[5]

Variants[edit]

  • Valkiri-22 Mk 1 (original version): 24 launch tubes mounted on a Unimog light 4x4 truck.
  • Bateleur (current version): 40 launch tubes mounted on an armoured Samil 100 6x6 truck.
  • Valkiri-5 a shortened lighter trailer-mounted version for airborne use. It has 12 launch tubes and uses a shortened version of the 127 mm rocket that has a maximum range of 5500 metres.[6]

Operators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Valkiri Multiple Launch Rocket System". 
  2. ^ "Valkiri Multiple Artillery Rocket". Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  3. ^ Fact file: Denel FV2 Bateleur Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)
  4. ^ Bateleur
  5. ^ Monick, S. The Forging of a Strike Force (Part I): Central themes in the history of the South African Army 1980-1990. Scientia Militaria, 1993, Volume 23 Issue 3 p. 364-377.
  6. ^ Heitman, Helmoed-Römer (1990). South African Armed Forces. Cape Town, South Africa: Buffalo Publications. p. 123. ISBN 9780620148788. 
  7. ^ Leon Engelbrecht. "Denel FV2 Bateleur Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)". Retrieved 5 November 2014. 

External links[edit]