Valkumey

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Valkumey (English)
Валькумей (Russian)
Вылкынэй (Chukchi)
-  Inhabited locality[1]  -
Urban-type settlement[1]
(abolished)
Valkumey vagonetka.jpg
Mine wagons in Valkumey
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Valkumey is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Valkumey
Valkumey
Location of Valkumey in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 69°35′57″N 170°19′29″E / 69.59917°N 170.32472°E / 69.59917; 170.32472Coordinates: 69°35′57″N 170°19′29″E / 69.59917°N 170.32472°E / 69.59917; 170.32472
Administrative status (as of October 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administrative district Chaunsky District[2]
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 0 inhabitants[2]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[3]
Founded 1941[4]
Abolished 1998[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 689400

Valkumey (Russian: Валькумей, Chukchi: Вылкынэй, lit. "Coal Mountain"[7]) is an inhabited locality (an urban-type settlement) in Chaunsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the shores of Chaunskaya Bay (part of the East Siberian Sea). Population: 0 (2002 Census);[2] 3,906 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Prior to the foundation of the settlement a preliminary expedition headed by a geologist called Dietmar was undertaken assessing the prospects of developing mining in the immediate area. He predicted that there were significant quantities of cassiterite-tin ore in the area, a prediction that was confirmed by later, more focussed, expeditions by larger teams of geologists.[4]

Valkumey was founded in 1941[4] when mining began in this area, and the first few tons of tin were extracted from the Valkumey mine in the form of cassiterite.[4] The mining was done almost entirely by prisoners of and exiles created by the Dalstroy GULAG system. Shortly after the opening of this mine, further tin mines opened near Pevek and Iultin, and mining became the major element of the Chukotkan economy.[9] Valkumey became one of the major centres of tin mining in the Soviet Union, supplying a significant percentage of the tin required by the Soviet military.[9]

By 1968, the population of the settlement had risen to 3,700.[4] However, with the closure of the mine, the settlement was abandoned in 1998, with the remaining population moving to the town of Pevek, 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) up the coast to the north. As of 2009, Valkumey is included in the list of settlements currently in the process of being liquidated.[1]

Population[edit]

The mines were declared unprofitable and that there was no possibility of developing any other form of economy in 1999 and the settlement was closed along with a number of others in Chukotka.[5] The Russian government guaranteed funds to transport non-working pensioners and the unemployed in liquidated settlements including Valkumey from Chukotka to other parts of Russia.[5] The Ministry of railways was obliged to lease containers for the transportation of the migrants' goods to the Chukotkan administration and ensure that they were delivered to the various settlements.[5] The population table below shows the impact on the settlement as a result of the closure of the mines.

Demographic Evolution
1959 1970 1979 1989 2002
2017 3059[10] 3417[11] 3906[12] 0[13]

Transport[edit]

Valkumey is connected via a road network to Pevek, Komsomolsky and Krasnoarmeysky along with a number of other local settlements, but it is not connected by permanent road to any other part of the district or Chukotka. There is however, a small road network within the settlement including:[14]

  • Улицa Горняцкая (Ulitsa Gornyatskaya)
  • Улицa Комсомольская (Ulitsa Komsomolskaya, lit. Komsomol Street)
  • Улицa Космонавтов (Ulitsa Kosmonavtov, lit. Cosmonaut Street)
  • Улицa Красноармейская (Ulitsa Krasnoarmeyskaya, lit Red Army Street)
  • Улицa Минерал (Ulitsa Mineral, lit. Mineral Street)
  • Улицa Рохлина (Ulitsa Rokhlina)
  • Улицa Северная (Ulitsa Severnaya, lit. North Street)

Climate[edit]

Valkumey has a Tundra climate (ET)[15] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Valkumey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1
(34)
1.3
(34.3)
0
(32)
3.2
(37.8)
16
(61)
24.7
(76.5)
24
(75)
22
(72)
16
(61)
14
(57)
8.7
(47.7)
2.7
(36.9)
24.7
(76.5)
Average high °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−16.6
(2.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.7
(42.3)
7.6
(45.7)
6.6
(43.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
−14
(7)
−16.6
(2.1)
−7
(19)
Average low °C (°F) −20.9
(−5.6)
−23
(−9)
−22.2
(−8)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.7
(35.1)
4.2
(39.6)
3.8
(38.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
−16.9
(1.6)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−10
(14)
Record low °C (°F) −53
(−63)
−50
(−58)
−48
(−54)
−38
(−36)
−25
(−13)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−12.7
(9.1)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−38
(−36)
−50
(−58)
−53
(−63)
Rainfall mm (inches) 6
(0.24)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
18
(0.71)
15
(0.59)
9
(0.35)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
60
(2.36)
Avg. snowy days 20 16 14 13 11 3 1 3 13 19 17 18 148
Source: [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #33, Article 14.2
  2. ^ a b c d "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ a b c d e Dead-cities.ru Entry on Valkumey (Russian)
  5. ^ a b c d Постановление Правительства РФ от 2 февраля 1998 г. N 128 О мерах социальной защиты населения ликвидируемых поселков золотодобытчиков в Чукотском автономном округe (Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ V.V. Leontev and K.A. Novikova, Топонимический словарь северо-востока СССР (Toponymic Dictionary of the Northeastern USSR) (1989) Magadan. p.71
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Chukotka During World War II
  10. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1970 года 1970 census of the Soviet Union
  11. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1979 года 1979 census of the Soviet Union
  12. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения РСФСР, ее территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу All-Union census, the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in the federal districts, towns, rural settlements and regional centres with a population of more than 3,000.
  13. ^ Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек 2002 Russian Census
  14. ^ Valkumey - Chaunsky District - Pochtovik Mail Delivery Company
  15. ^ McKnightand Hess, pp.235-7
  16. ^ "Weather Averages for Valkumey from meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (Russian)

External links[edit]