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Vallam is located in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°43′N 79°05′E / 10.72°N 79.08°E / 10.72; 79.08Coordinates: 10°43′N 79°05′E / 10.72°N 79.08°E / 10.72; 79.08
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thanjavur
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 14,495
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Vallam is a panchayat town in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.


Vallam is located at 10°43′N 79°05′E / 10.72°N 79.08°E / 10.72; 79.08.[1] It has an average elevation of 75 metres (246 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[2] Vallam had a population of 14,495. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Vallam has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 69%. In Vallam, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

People from Vallam[edit]

Tamil Nadu born in Vallam, Thanjavur Justice G. M. Akbar Ali Birth Place: Hon’ble Justice G.M. Akbar Ali, was born on 23 November 1952 at Vallam, Thanjavur District. Education:He underwent Elementary Education at St. Moses Elementary School at Thiruvarur and High School Education at St. Antony’s High School, Thanjavur. He completed B.Sc. Degree at Jamal Mohamed College at Thiruchirappalli in the year 1973. After a brief visit to Singapore to look after the business of his father, he came to Madras and completed Law Course and obtained B.L. ‘Degree during 1977.

Appointed:He joined the office of Mr. Habibullah Basha, Senior Advocate former Advocate General, Public Prosecutor. He practiced in City Civil Court, Metropolitan Magistrate Courts, Small Causes Courts and in the High Court, Madras till 1982. He later shifted practice to Thanjavur in 1982 and practiced under Thiru. R. Jayaraman, Advocate, Thanjavur for a brief period and established independent practice.He was selected as a Sub-Judge (Civil Judge Senior Division) for the first time in 1989. 'He served as Sub Judge at Chengalpattu, Thirupathur, and Vellore Districts. He was promoted as District Judge in the year 1997 and posted as Additional District Judge at Salem. He worked as Chief Judicial Magistrate at Krishnagiri and then as Principal District Judge till he was transferred to Pondicherry and posted as Chief Judge, Pondicherry. He rendered remarkable service as Member Secretary, Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority during 2003-2005 and during 2006-2008 for two terms.

He was also the Director of the Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy. During his tenure as the Member Secretary, State Legal Services Authority during 2003-05 and during 2006-08, the legal aid moment got a quantum leap in Tamil Nadu. He implemented “Micro Legal Literacy Scheme” which is now being implemented throughout the nation by NALSA. He was appointed as Member Secretary, NALSA, and the first South Indian Judicial Officer to be appointed and continued to hold this post till his elevation as Additional Judge of Madras High Court on 31.03.2009.

Vallam has the distinction of producing the 1st rank candidate of the 1st IAS batch of Independent India-Mr.G.Ramachandran first son of Shri N.K.Ganapathy Iyer of No.5 Rettai Agraharam. Mr.G Ramachandran has written a memoir,"Walking with the Giants".

Religious Identitites[edit]

Vallam is another example for religious harmony, where Muslims, Hindus and Christians are living in friendly manner.

Masjids & Durgah[edit]

There are four masjids(Mosque's) in central part of vallam with traditional identity.

First masjid/mosque (EID KA MASJID) is situated in the highest hill spot, some distance from the jummah- masjid and market arena. By standing near to this masjid, you can have a whole wonderful view of full vallam itself. Every year, EID-UL-ALHA will be held here. This masjid is over 150 year old. It is one of the beautiful and open masjid as well.

One of the mosque/masjid (Also known as MELA PALLIVASAL) situated near anna statue near market arena is build with white marbels and looking beautiful structural designs. It is also the old masjid more than 100 years old in the village.

Jummah - masjid[edit]

Friday prayer is popular in Jummah - masjid near bus stand terminal. EID-UL-FITHR(RAMZAN) celebrations are also one of the important aspect of this masjid as it is huge enough to hold thousands of devotees.

Another most important aspect is the Tawakalshah- Durgah, a religious leader's graveyard, Which is here for more than hundred years. popular among Muslims in and around the part of the area. Durgah will be open on every Thursday evening only.

New masjid at Anna nagar, vallam is built and opened for prayer in July 2013. This mosque have the capacity of 100 members to pray at a time and is located in the anna nagar area of vallam.

Big Church[edit]

A traditional church is located near bus stand, which is standing tall for more than 50 years, it is popular one for the Christians. Church holds famous history with a school is associated with it.

Ekavuri Amman Temple[edit]

Moolavar : Ekavuri Amman
Old year        :       1000–2000 years old
        City    :       Vallam
        District        :       Thanjavur
        State   :        Tamil Nadu
         Last Friday of Aadi month and Aadi Perukku (July–August), New Moon and Full Moon days are celebrated in the temple.     

Temple's Speciality:

   Against the tradition of giving full lime fruit to devotees after nivedhana to Goddess, only lime juice is offered to   women seeking child boon as Prasad.      

Opening Time:

   The temple is open from 10.00 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. continuously.    


   Sri Ekavuri Amman Temple, Vallam, Thanjavur district.    


   +91 94435 86453, 98437 36037     

General Information:

Mother Ambica graces in the temple with two heads sitting on a lotus shaped Peeta. One face is ferocious, with long and sharp teeth showing her destructive side against the demons. The other above is calm, smiling and all graceful protecting the devotees and righteous from evils. The Mother has different weapons in Her eight hands and also a parrot representing Mother Parvathi. Sri Chakra, being an important form of Shakti worship, is installed under the feet of Mother.


Seeking child boon and for relief from Kalathra dosha, Nagasarpa dosha and for early wedding, women devotees pray to the Mother.

Thanks giving:

   Women donate buffalo calf to Goddess for their husbands suffering from illness.  

Greatness Of Temple:

Against the tradition of giving full lime fruit to devotees after nivedhana to Goddess, only lime juice is offered to women seeking child boon as Prasad. They have to consume it in the temple itself. It is believed that their boon will be surely granted.

The serpent planets Rahu and Ketu are on both side of Ambica believed to be under the control of the Goddess. Women afflicted by Kalathra dosha or Naga dosha (Kalathra dosha is a planetary affliction adverse to the longevity of wife. Kalasarpa dosha occurs in cases where planets in a horoscope are captured in between the two serpent plants occupying the ends). The temple assumes importance as a remedial place for those undergoing such difficulties. Women offer turmeric to Goddess for relief which is given back as Prasad to them. They use it in baths in the faith that they will be married early.

Women offer buffalo calf to Ambica for their husbands who are ill. It is to be noted that buffalo is the vehicle of Yama the Lord of death. This worship will prevent Yama from entering these houses, it is believed.

Ambica was worshipped by the Chola Kings who had Thanjavur as their capital. She was their family and protection deity. Before going to a war, they would pray to this Ambica. Ambicas is also known as Makali, Kaithalapoosal Nangai, Vallathu Pattikai, Kalapidari and Ekaveeri. Special pujas are performed on new moon, full moon days with Homas. Special pujas are performed on Chitra Poornima day in April–May. On the last Friday in Aadi month (July–August), devotees walk on fire pit, carry kavadis and milk pots. They offer their prayer commitment by boring their cheeks on both sides called Alagu Kuthu. There are shrines for Varahi, Prathyangara, Lord Muruga, guardian deities as Sangiliathan, Ladasannasi, Vellayammal, Madurai Veeran with Bommi, Karuppusamy, Ekambaram, Pattavaraya and Shiva Linga and Sapthamathas.

Temple History:

Demon Thanjakasura had the boon that he could be killed only by a woman. He began to harass the Devas and captured their kingdom. They went to Lord Shiva for protection. Lord Shiva sent Ambica to destroy the demon. He took many forms to face Ambica’s challenge and that of a buffalo in the end but was killed by Mother’s trident. As the fury of Ambica did not quench even after killing the demon, the Devas again appealed to Lord Shiva to protect them from the fury of Ambica. As commanded by the Lord, Gowri, as she was addressed by the Lord, shed Her fury and became calm and merciful.

King Karikal Chola built this temple and named the deity as Hey Gowri – Ekavuriamman as addressed by Lord Shiva. Later King Vallan came to power and the place came to be known as Vallan and the Mother as Vallathukali.