Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary

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Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
BlackbuckAntelope2.jpg
Blackbuck Antelope
Map showing the location of Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary
Location Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu, India
Nearest city Tirunelveli
Coordinates 8°56′18″N 77°42′12″E / 8.93833°N 77.70333°E / 8.93833; 77.70333Coordinates: 8°56′18″N 77°42′12″E / 8.93833°N 77.70333°E / 8.93833; 77.70333
Area 16.41 square kilometres (6.34 sq mi)
Governing body Tamil Nadu Forest Department
Website Wild Biodiversity

Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area of Tamil Nadu in South India created for the protection of Blackbuck Antelope. Located on an isolated hillock in Vallanadu Village of Srivaikundam Taluk, it is the southernmost place in India where a natural population of Blackbuck exists.

Flora[edit]

The sanctuary is a South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forest. The thorny hardwood and xerophytes: Dalbergia multiflora, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia latronum, Acacia planifrons, Albizia amara, Zizyphus sp. and a few Azadirachta indica, Dodonia viscosa, Carissa carandus, Pterolobium indicum[disambiguation needed] and Euphorbia Acalypha fruticosa, Ocimum sanctum, species form the under growth.

Fauna[edit]

Black buck, Spotted deer, macaques, Jungle cat, Monkeys, Wild cat, Mongoose, Black naped Hare, Scaly Ant eater- Pangolin, Viper and Rat snake live here.

Peacock, Heron, Stork, Grey partridges, Jungle Craws, Common quails, Pied crested Cuckoo, Crested-hawk Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Curlew, Lapwing, Nightjar, Sparrows, Horned owl, and nearly 100 other species of birds are found in the area.

The Blackbuck population is around 20-40. Thick acacia growth makes it difficult to determine a precise population count. The Blackbucks regularly come out of the scrubs and graze in wastelands on the eastern side of the sanctuary. [1]

Visitor information[edit]

In 2007 Rs. 7 lakh, earmarked under the Centre's "Development of Sanctuaries" scheme will be spent to repair fencing, increase the height of a watchtower by 14 metres, improve the water supply and erect awareness boards. Also, fruit-yielding tree saplings will be planted to attract more birds.[2]

Nearest airport is at Thoothukudi – 22.22 km.[3] Nearest Railway station is Tirunelveli Junction – 16.5 km [4] away.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b TFD (2007), VALLANADU BLACK BUCK SANCTUARY, Tamil Nadu Forest Department 
  2. ^ Vimal Kumar R. (Dec 22, 2006) Biodiversity: Plan to educate people Retrieved 5/11/2007 Blackbuck sanctuary
  3. ^ Google Maps - Route from Vallandu to Tuticorin Airport
  4. ^ Google Maps - Route from Vallanadu to Tirunelveli Junction