Vallecito, California

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Vallecito
census-designated place
Location in Calaveras County and the state of California
Location in Calaveras County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°05′25″N 120°28′25″W / 38.09028°N 120.47361°W / 38.09028; -120.47361Coordinates: 38°05′25″N 120°28′25″W / 38.09028°N 120.47361°W / 38.09028; -120.47361
Country  United States
State  California
County Calaveras
Area[1]
 • Total 8.566 sq mi (22.184 km2)
 • Land 8.561 sq mi (22.172 km2)
 • Water 0.005 sq mi (0.012 km2)  0.05%
Elevation 1,762 ft (537 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 442
 • Density 52/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95229, 95251
Area code(s) 209
FIPS code 06-81652
GNIS feature IDs 268654, 2409394
Reference No. 273

Vallecito ("Little Valley" in Spanish; formerly, Murphy's Old Diggings, Valacito, Vallicita, Vallicito) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Calaveras County, California, United States. The population was 442 at the 2010 census, up from 427 at the 2000 census. The town is registered as California Historical Landmark #273.[2] Nearby is Moaning Cavern, the largest cave chamber in California, which the Miwok Indians used as a burial ground.

History[edit]

Vallecito was one of California's important early-day mining towns. Gold was discovered here by the Murphy brothers in 1849, and it was originally called "Murphys Diggings," which became "Murphys Old Diggings" when they moved on to greener pastures at "Murphys New Diggings" (which became the town of Murphys). The town was revitalized in 1852 when extremely rich deposits of gold were discovered running practically through the center of town. A post office was established in 1854, which is still in use today.

The Vallecito Bell, cast at Troy, New York in 1853, was brought around Cape Horn. It was purchased from the ship with funds contributed by early-day residents and brought to Vallecito to be erected in a large oak tree in 1854. It was used to call the people together until February 16, 1939, when a severe wind blew the old tree down.

The first post office opened in 1854 as Vallicita; the town's name was changed to Vallecito in 1940.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22 km2), 99.95% of it land.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Vallecito had a population of 442. The population density was 51.6 people per square mile (19.9/km²). The racial makeup of Vallecito was 398 (90.0%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 6 (1.4%) Native American, 11 (2.5%) Asian, 1 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 5 (1.1%) from other races, and 21 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33 persons (7.5%).

The Census reported that 442 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 193 households, out of which 53 (27.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 98 (50.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 25 (13.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 6 (3.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 9 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 0 (0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 54 households (28.0%) were made up of individuals and 21 (10.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29. There were 129 families (66.8% of all households); the average family size was 2.77.

The population was spread out with 84 people (19.0%) under the age of 18, 22 people (5.0%) aged 18 to 24, 94 people (21.3%) aged 25 to 44, 165 people (37.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 77 people (17.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.7 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.

There were 217 housing units at an average density of 25.3 per square mile (9.8/km²), of which 138 (71.5%) were owner-occupied, and 55 (28.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 321 people (72.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 121 people (27.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 427 people, 183 households, and 120 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 49.8 people per square mile (19.2/km²). There were 195 housing units at an average density of 22.8 per square mile (8.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.55% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 3.04% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 183 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,875, and the median income for a family was $32,917. Males had a median income of $46,250 versus $37,917 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,779. About 11.6% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Vallecito is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Democrat Leland Yee,[6] and the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow.[7] Federally, Vallecito is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Vallecito". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-06. 
  3. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 841. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013. 
  8. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2013.