Vallejo during its time as a ferry between Mare Island and Vallejo
|Name:||O&CRR Ferry No. 2 (c.1879)
|Owner:||Oregon & California Railroad|
|Length:||123.2 ft (37.6 m)|
|Beam:||31.5 ft (9.6 m)|
|Draft:||9.9 ft (3.0 m)|
|Installed power:||455 hp (339 kW) Steam engine|
Vallejo, originally known as O&CRR Ferry No. 2, is a houseboat in Sausalito, California, United States. It previously served as a passenger ferry in Portland, Oregon, in the late 19th century, and in Vallejo, California, for the first half of the 20th century.
The Oregon & California Railroad Ferry No. 2 initially served Portland, providing connectivity between the East Portland terminus of the O&C Railroad line and Downtown Portland. It was put into service in 1879 by Henry Villard, to replace an aging ferry initially set up by Ben Holladay. Differing accounts have the boat built on the East Coast and coming to Portland around Cape Horn, or else being built in Portland. The Portland ferry service was the subject of a court case appealed to the Oregon Supreme Court: in November 1878, a drunken passenger stepped off the boat before it landed, and drowned.
With the construction of the Steel Bridge in 1888, the ferry was no longer needed; after several idle years, it was transported to the San Francisco Bay, renamed Vallejo, and converted to use coal and then oil for fuel. A bill of sale dated 1923 reflects a purchase by Robert Rauhauge of the Mare Island Line. It was put into service transporting workers and visitors between the city of Vallejo and Mare Island. Ferry service was discontinued after the end of World War II, and with the construction of a causeway connecting Mare Island and Vallejo; Vallejo was the last ferry to be retired. She was sold for scrap in 1947, and delivered to Sausalito to be broken up.
Artist Jean Varda noticed the boat while its demolition was pending. He, surrealist Gordon Onslow Ford, and architect Forest Wright purchased it; Wright soon sold his third to Ford. They made extensive, improvised alterations, using scraps in the area, and turning the boat into an art studio and houseboat. Ford described it as "a place where artists blossomed, flowered", adding that "Varda set the tone" with his interest in entertaining.
Zen Buddhist Alan Watts bought Ford's share of the houseboat in 1961. Varda's parties and salons continued. The most famous party, thrown in 1967, was known as the "Houseboat Summit", and featured Timothy Leary, Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder and Watts discussing LSD; it was featured in the counterculture magazine the San Francisco Oracle. Vallejo deteriorated heavily during the 1960s. Varda died suddenly in 1971, as did Watts in 1973.
Marian Saltman, who had begun living on Vallejo in 1971, arranged for its purchase in 1981, and began to restore the boat. She said, "I hope she will continue to be the home of remarkable people and ideas, and I wish her to serve the creative and artistic needs of Sausalito and the Bay Area."
- Barber, Lawrence (August 22, 1954). "Last stop for Ferry No. 2". The Oregonian.
- Wright, E. W. (1895). Lewis & Dryden's Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Lewis & Dryden Printing Company. p. 269.
- Sutter, Annie (1987). "The Old Ferryboats of Sausalito". Sausalito, Calif: Scope Pub. Co.
- Oregon Supreme Court (1880). Reports of cases decided in the Supreme Court of the State of Oregon 8. West Publishing Co. p. 172.
- Foley, Heide (2003). "Short Biography [of Jean Varda]". The Jean Varda Project. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- Watts, Alan. In My Own Way, an Autobiography. Novato, California: New World Library. pp. 300–304.
- Liberatore, Paul (18 August 2011). "Alan Watts' life celebrated in his son's animated documentary". Marin Independent Journal.
- Forant, Denize (October 2000). "The Vallejo floats again!" (pdf). Floating Times (Newsletter) XV (5) (Floating Homes Association). p. 3.
- "Photographs, August 2002 – December 2002". SS Vallejo. Retrieved 2011-08-30.