Vallemaggia (district)

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Vallemaggia
Distretto di Vallemaggia
District
Coat of arms of Vallemaggia
Coat of arms
Location of Vallemaggia
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Ticino
Capital Cevio
Area[1]
 • Total 569.42 km2 (219.85 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 5,944
 • Density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 8
Hamlet of Brunescio on the left flank of Vallemaggia

The district of Vallemaggia is a district of the canton of Ticino in Switzerland. It has a population of 5,944 (as of 31 December 2012).[2] The capital of the district is Cevio.

Geography[edit]

The district of Vallemaggia has an area, as of 1997, of 569.42 square kilometers (219.85 sq mi). Of this area, 9.61 km2 (3.71 sq mi) or 1.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 240.5 km2 (92.9 sq mi) or 42.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6.57 km2 (2.54 sq mi) or 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads), 15.46 km2 (5.97 sq mi) or 2.7% is either rivers or lakes and 244.24 km2 (94.30 sq mi) or 42.9% is unproductive land.

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.4%. Out of the forested land, 31.4% of the total land area is heavily forested and 4.8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 1.1% is used for growing crops. Of the water in the district, 0.7% is in lakes and 2.0% is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 18.9% is unproductive vegetation and 24.0% is too rocky for vegetation.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000), 477 speak German, 88 people speak French, 4,814 people speak Italian, and 12 people speak Romansh. The remainder (202 people) speak another language.[4]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female. The population was made up of 2,532 Swiss men (43.1% of the population), and 356 (6.1%) non-Swiss men. There were 2,731 Swiss women (46.5%), and 252 (4.3%) non-Swiss women.[5]

In 2008 there were 38 live births to Swiss citizens and 2 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 57 deaths of Swiss citizens and 5 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 19 while the foreign population decreased by 3. There were 3 Swiss men and 20 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 25 non-Swiss men and 10 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources) was an increase of 9 and the non-Swiss population change was a decrease of 2 people. This represents a population growth rate of 0.1%.[6]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in the district of Vallemaggia is; 518 children or 8.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 667 teenagers or 11.4% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 565 people or 9.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 656 people or 11.2% are between 30 and 39, 962 people or 16.4% are between 40 and 49, and 859 people or 14.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 729 people or 12.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 493 people or 8.4% are between 70 and 79, there are 422 people or 7.2% who are over 80.[5]

In 2000 there were 7,245 single family homes (or 80.1% of the total) out of a total of 9,049 inhabited buildings. There were 972 two family buildings (10.7%) and 533 multi-family buildings (5.9%). There were also 299 buildings in the district that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose).[7]

In 2000 there were 4,844 apartments in the district. The most common apartment size was the 4 room apartment of which there were 1,334. There were 400 single room apartments and 1,203 apartments with five or more rooms.[8] Of these apartments, a total of 2,195 apartments (45.3% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 2,620 apartments (54.1%) were seasonally occupied and 29 apartments (0.6%) were empty.[8]

The historical population is given in the following table:[9]

year population
1850 7,482
1880 6,388
1900 5,195
1950 4,581
1980 4,650
1990 5,021
2000 5,593

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 29.82% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (28.74%), the SP (17.31%) and the Ticino League (12.2%). In the federal election, a total of 1,907 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 45.8%.[10]

In the 2007 Ticino Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 4,190 registered voters in the district of Vallemaggia, of which 2,778 or 66.3% voted. 28 blank ballots were cast, leaving 2,750 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PPD+GenGiova which received 693 or 25.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the SSI (with 564 or 20.5%), the PLRT (with 511 or 18.6%) and the PS (with 436 or 15.9%).[11]

In the 2007 Ticino Consiglio di Stato election, 22 blank ballots and 9 null ballots were cast, leaving 2,747 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PPD which received 701 or 25.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the LEGA (with 518 or 18.9%), the PS (with 511 or 18.6%) and the PLRT (with 484 or 17.6%).[11]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 4,575 or 81.8% were Roman Catholic, while 319 or 5.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 441 individuals (or about 7.88% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 258 individuals (or about 4.61% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Education[edit]

In the district of Vallemaggia there was a total of 1,005 students (as of 2009). The Ticino education system provides up to three years of non-mandatory kindergarten and in the district of Vallemaggia there were 135 children in kindergarten. The primary school program lasts for five years and includes both a standard school and a special school. In the district, 302 students attended the standard primary schools and 7 students attended the special school. In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a two-year middle school followed by a two-year pre-apprenticeship or they attend a four-year program to prepare for higher education. There were 267 students in the two-year middle school and 2 in their pre-apprenticeship, while 86 students were in the four-year advanced program.

The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a full-time student or one and a half to two years as a part-time student).[12] There were 53 vocational students who were attending school full-time and 132 who attend part-time.

The professional program lasts three years and prepares a student for a job in engineering, nursing, computer science, business, tourism and similar fields. There were 21 students in the professional program.[13]

Circles and municipalities[edit]

Circle of the Rovana
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Cevio Cevio 1,155 151.42
Linescio Linescio 51 6.61
Cerentino Cerentino 62 20.07
Campo (Vallemaggia) Campo (Vallemaggia) 55 43.27
Bosco Gurin Bosco Gurin 51 22.04
Total

1,374

243.41
Circle of the Maggia
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Maggia Maggia 2,539 111.09
Avegno Gordevio Avegno Gordevio 1,459 27.34
Total

3,998

138.43
Circle of the Lavizzara
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Lavizzara Lavizzara 572 187.50
Total

572

187.5

References[edit]

  1. ^ Il Ticino in cifre, Edizione 2010
  2. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed16 Septemeber 2013
  3. ^ Altitudine, superficie, secondo il genere di utilizzazione, rilevazione 1992/1997, e densità della popolazione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 25 October 2010
  4. ^ a b Popolazione residente, secondo la lingua principale e la religione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  5. ^ a b 01.02.03 Popolazione residente permanente (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ 09.02.01 Edifici (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  8. ^ a b 09.02.02 Abitazioni (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  9. ^ Popolazione residente, dal 1850 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  11. ^ a b Elezioni cantonali: Gran Consiglio, Consiglio di Stato (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  12. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). KANTONALE SCHULSTRUKTUREN IN DER SCHWEIZ UND IM FÜRSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN / STRUCTURES SCOLAIRES CANTONALES EN SUISSE ET DANS LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DU LIECHTENSTEIN (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  13. ^ Allievi e studenti, secondo il genere di scuola, anno scolastico 2009/2010 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  14. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°21′N 8°35′E / 46.350°N 8.583°E / 46.350; 8.583