Vallenar

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Vallenar
City and Commune
Plaza de Armas de Vallenar.jpg
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Vallenar's urban hinterland
Vallenar's urban hinterland
Vallenar is located in Chile
Vallenar
Vallenar
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 28°34′15″S 70°45′29″W / 28.57083°S 70.75806°W / -28.57083; -70.75806Coordinates: 28°34′15″S 70°45′29″W / 28.57083°S 70.75806°W / -28.57083; -70.75806
Country Chile
Region Atacama
Province Huasco
Founded 1789
Founded as San Ambrosio de Ballenary
Founded by Ambrose O'Higgins
Government[1]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Cristian Tapia Ramos
Area[2]
 • Total 7,083.7 km2 (2,735.0 sq mi)
Elevation 441 m (1,447 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total 52,096
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Urban 48,040
 • Rural 4,290
Demonym Vallenarino
Sex[2]
 • Men 23,284
 • Women 24,765
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 51
Website Official website (Spanish)

Vallenar is a city and commune in Atacama Region, Chile. It is the capital of the Huasco Province and is located in the valley of the Huasco River. Vallenar has 52,000 inhabitants. Its main activities are farming and mining. It was founded as San Ambrosio de Ballenary by Ambrose O'Higgins in 1789, after his birthplace in Ballynary in County Sligo, Ireland.

Llanos de Challe National Park is located 60 km (37 mi) northwest of the city of Vallenar.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute, Vallenar had 48,040 inhabitants (23,284 men and 24,756 women). Of these, 43,750 (91.1%) lived in urban areas and 4,290 (8.9%) in rural areas. The population grew by 1.7% (792 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Vallenar is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Cristian Tapia Ramos.[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Vallenar is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mr. Alberto Robles (PRSD) and Mr. Giovanni Calderón (UDI) as part of the 6th electoral district, (together with Caldera, Tierra Amarilla, Freirina, Huasco and Alto del Carmen). The commune is represented in the Senate by Isabel Allende Bussi (PS) and Baldo Prokurica Prokurica (RN) as part of the 3rd senatorial constituency (Atacama Region).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Vallenar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
25.3
(77.5)
22.7
(72.9)
20.6
(69.1)
18.9
(66)
18.8
(65.8)
19.8
(67.6)
21.0
(69.8)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.5
(77.9)
22.7
(72.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
18.6
(65.5)
17.1
(62.8)
14.9
(58.8)
13.1
(55.6)
11.7
(53.1)
11.4
(52.5)
12.2
(54)
13.0
(55.4)
14.5
(58.1)
15.6
(60.1)
17.5
(63.5)
14.9
(58.8)
Average low °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
13.1
(55.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.1
(50.2)
8.6
(47.5)
7.1
(44.8)
6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
7.9
(46.2)
9.0
(48.2)
10.1
(50.2)
11.8
(53.2)
9.7
(49.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.7
(0.028)
1.3
(0.051)
4.1
(0.161)
3.2
(0.126)
11.9
(0.469)
7.1
(0.28)
2.1
(0.083)
1.2
(0.047)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
31.6
(1.244)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 337.9 299.5 285.2 240.0 213.9 195.0 210.8 235.6 249.0 288.3 303.0 325.5 3,183.7
Source: Universidad de Chile[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Vallenar" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Información climatológica de estaciones chilenas-Chile Norte" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Medias mensuales de horas de sol diarias extraıdas del WRDC para las ciudades Chilenas" (PDF) (in Spanish). Universidad de Chile. September 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 

External links[edit]