Vallendar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vallendar
Coat of arms of Vallendar
Coat of arms
Vallendar   is located in Germany
Vallendar
Vallendar
Coordinates: 50°23′49.69″N 7°37′19.28″E / 50.3971361°N 7.6220222°E / 50.3971361; 7.6220222Coordinates: 50°23′49.69″N 7°37′19.28″E / 50.3971361°N 7.6220222°E / 50.3971361; 7.6220222
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Mayen-Koblenz
Municipal assoc. Vallendar
Subdivisions 5
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Helbach (CDU)
Area
 • Total 13.22 km2 (5.10 sq mi)
Elevation 99 m (325 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,413
 • Density 640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 56179
Dialling codes 0261
Vehicle registration MYK
Website www.vallendar-rhein.de

Vallendar is a town in the district Mayen-Koblenz, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Rhine, approx. 4 km north-east of Koblenz. Vallendar is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Vallendar.

Geography[edit]

Situation[edit]

The town of Vallendar spreads out on the right side of the Mittelrhein opposing the island of Niederwerth, where several creek valleys from the Westerwald meet the Rhine valley. It is situated 5.7 km (3.5 mi) north of Koblenz and 12.3 km (7.6 mi) south of Neuwied. East of Vallendar rises the Westerwald, on the other side of the river the Eifel.

Origin of name[edit]

The town's name derives from its situation in the creek valleys. The syllables "val" and have Indo-Germanic roots: "val" means "flowing", whereas "ndar" indicates a "swampy area".

Districts[edit]

History[edit]

Vallendar was first mentioned around 830–840 AC as the property of the Archbishop of Trier; it was probably, however, of Celtic origin and a lot older than that (700–600 BC). In 1143 Schoenstatt Abbey was founded. In 1232 the Count of Sayn took possessionof the land and began building a castle at the northern edge of the town in 1240. Its foundations today support the Marienburg.

Since the fourteenth century the Archbishop of Trier regained more and more power over the land to become proprietor again in 1681 and 1767 (for good). Today the Lion of Sayn and the Cross of Trier are evidence of this history in Vallendars coat of arms. During the Middle Ages a palatine high court was located in Vallendar. 1802 the proprietorship goes to the Count of Nassau-Weilburg; in 1815 it falls to the Kingdom of Prussia. A rich business life is the reason for Frederick William IV of Prussia to grant town rights to Vallendar in 1856. After World War I the town was the scene of a military action by the 23rd US Infantry.[2] In 1939 Mallendar is added to the town. From 1954 to the 1970s numerous new construction areas were established. Since 1973 the skyline has been dominated by the "Humboldthöhe".

Today Vallendar's appearance is influenced mostly by the internationally renowned Schönstatt and the WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management and its students.

Population development[edit]

Date Total
December 1, 1910 4462
December 31, 2004 8856
June 30, 2005 8814
December 31, 2006 8763

Politics[edit]

City Hall[edit]

Party Seats Parliamentary group leader Source
Christian Democratic Union 11 Kurt Pfahl [3]
Social Democratic Party 8 Dieter Klöckner
Free Democratic Party 2 Günter Seehaus
Citizens for Vallendar 2 Joachim Karbach
Free Voters 1 Peter Backes

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Companies[edit]

  • Baldus Medizintechnik GmbH is a consulting and service company specialised in the medical gas supply for hospitals.

Traffic[edit]

Vallendar is connected to the B 42 and A 48, with the exit Bendorf/Neuwied/Vallendar leading into the city center via B 42.

Vallendar has a train station on the Rheinstrecke.

The KEVAG busses 7/7a and 8/8a connect Vallendar to Koblenz, Bendorf and Höhr-Grenzhausen.

Education[edit]

Sights[edit]

  • Roman Catholic St. Marzellinus and St. Petrus Church (constructed 1837-41 by Koblenz-based architect Johann Claudius von Lassaulx as one of the biggest church constructions in this area of the century)
  • Protestant Lukas-church, constructed 1884-85 by Wiesbaden-based architect Friedrich Lang, typical Protestant 19th century church
  • former St.-Josef-Krankenhaus, 1856-59 by Cologne-based architect Vincenz Statz
  • Wiltberger Hof, 1695–98
  • Former school in Eulerstraße, 1844-45 by Ferdinand Nebel
  • Haus d'Ester, so called Marienburg (formerly seat to the d'Ester family, 1773 by Nikolaus Lauxen) ; today seat of the WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management
  • Marienburg-chappel

Persons of interest[edit]

Lived in Vallendar:

Twin Cities[edit]

Trivia[edit]

A city named "Vallendar" is included in the PC game Call of Duty 2. This fictional city also lies on the river Rhine. The players task is to fight retreating German soldiers during World War II. Other than its location on the river the virtual Vallendar has nothing in common with its real world counterpart.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Rat & Gremien". Vallendar. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 

External links[edit]