Valley Center, California
A scene in Valley Center.
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
|• Total||27.426 sq mi (71.033 km2)|
|• Land||27.426 sq mi (71.033 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||1,312 ft (400 m)|
|• Density||340/sq mi (130/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661616, 2409396|
Valley Center is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 27.4 square miles (71 km2), all land.
Valley Center is home to the Hellhole Canyon Preserve which is a 1,907 acre preserve that offers 13.5 miles of moderate to advanced trail opportunities.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Valley Center had a population of 9,277. The population density was 338.3 people per square mile (130.6/km²). The racial makeup of Valley Center was 6,785 (73.1%) White, 84 (0.9%) African American, 188 (2.0%) Native American, 295 (3.2%) Asian, 16 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,484 (16.0%) from other races, and 425 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,581 persons (27.8%).
The Census reported that 9,243 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 27 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 7 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,000 households, out of which 1,120 (37.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,035 (67.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 212 (7.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 142 (4.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 127 (4.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 21 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 462 households (15.4%) were made up of individuals and 193 (6.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08. There were 2,389 families (79.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.38.
The population was spread out with 2,250 people (24.3%) under the age of 18, 827 people (8.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,942 people (20.9%) aged 25 to 44, 3,094 people (33.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,164 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
There were 3,228 housing units at an average density of 117.7 per square mile (45.4/km²), of which 2,419 (80.6%) were owner-occupied, and 581 (19.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.8%. 7,364 people (79.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,879 people (20.3%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,323 people, 2,415 households, and 1,919 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 250.1 inhabitants per square mile (96.6/km²). There were 2,517 housing units at an average density of 86.0 per square mile (33.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.69% White, 0.52% African American, 2.84% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 6.45% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.50% of the population.
There were 2,415 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $64,649, and the median income for a family was $68,388. Males had a median income of $50,440 versus $35,199 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,071. About 5.8% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
In the California State Legislature, Valley Center is in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, and in the 75th Assembly District, represented by Republican Marie Waldron.
Community character and culture
Valley Center is a community in transition from a small rural town to a suburban "bedroom" community. This transition has been underway for several years. This has resulted in some agriculture, such as large fruit orchards, giving way to housing development. Historically, the growth of Valley Center has been slowed by lower densities including a minimum of 2 acres (8,100 m2) being required for most parcels. However, in recent years this lower density has attracted richer people to build many new large estate and ranch houses, thus making the community more desirable. However, with San Diego County's GP2020 Plan, currently being discussed, the densities in a few areas of Valley Center will be changed from a minimum of 2 acres (8,100 m2) per parcel to much higher densities, and local residents may not be able to stop developers. The result may be rows of apartment complexes and packed housing units, particularly in the town's central area. Even with current growth it is reasonable to characterize the town as "semi-rural".
Some changes in the community can be attributed to the expansion of Indian casinos in the area. There are currently two major casinos in the vicinity of Valley Center - Harrah's Rincon and Valley View; both were opened in 2001-02, bringing traffic and jobs to what used to be an out-of-the-way agricultural town. High traffic necessitated highway improvements, partially paid by casino contributions.
Traditionally, the town and the surrounding areas have largely been dedicated to agricultural uses. Various commercial crops include oranges, lemons, and avocados. More recently farmers have taken up other crops, including ornamental floral products such as lavender. Additionally, there is a thriving animal farming industry including egg-producing hens and llamas.
Valley Center was the site of the capture of the largest California Grizzly Bear in history. In 1866, a grizzly weighing 2,200 pounds was killed in the area. Although the town had been settled in 1845 and homesteaded in 1862, it had no formal name until the famous 1866 bear incident. The notoriety surrounding the event gave Valley Center its original name of Bear Valley. The name was subsequently changed to Valley in 1874, to Valley Centre in 1878 and, finally, to Valley Center in 1887. An exhibit of the bear is on display at the Valley Center History Museum.
Valley Center Historical Society celebrated 150 Years of Valley Center in 2012. Valley Center, was settled shortly after President Lincoln signed the Homestead Act on May 20, 1862. Celebrations were held throughout the year of 2012, with the main event during the annual Western Days weekend.
Once a year, parts of the town are closed down for an event known as Valley Center Western Days. This event is traditionally held over the Memorial Day weekend and consists of a community parade, a festival at the Valley Center Community Center and the Valley Center Stampede Rodeo. For the weeks leading up to the event, local organizations put on western-themed events and fundraisers.
- Billy Cundiff, NFL kicker
- J.J. Cale, musician who wrote hits such as "Call Me The Breeze", "Cocaine" and "After Midnight". In 2006 he released the collaborative album "The Road to Escondido" with Eric Clapton.
- Gary Cooper, Actor 
- Kirby Grant, Actor and rancher 
- Irene Ryan, Granny on Beverly Hillbillies
- Steve Reeves, Hercules Actor
- June Allyson, Actress
- Dick Powell, Actor
- Fred Astaire, Actor/Dancer
- Jack Haley, Actor/Tin Man in Wizard of OZ
- Sean Salisbury, Television sports analyst
- Glen Bell, Founded Taco Bell chain
- John Wayne, Actor
- Kevin Craft, Former UCLA Quarterback
- Merle Oberon, Actress 
- Randolph Scott, Actor 
- Carol Williams (organist), International Concert Organist & San Diego Civic Organist 2001-
- Fred Biletnikoff, Former Oakland Raiders Wide Receiver
- Gary Garrison, Former San Diego Chargers football player
- John DeLorean, Auto Tycoon
- Charles Hatfield, Rainmaker
- Mae West, Actress
- Sam Zimbalist, Movie Producer
- Louis Bromfield, Actor
- George Adamski, UFO Advocate
- Washington Irving, Writer
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Valley Center". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Valley Center, California
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Valley Center CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "California's 50th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- San Diego CO: GP2020 Plan
- Varga, George (September 4, 2005). "Who's happy now?". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
A key beneficiary has been J.J. Cale, the Valley Center-based musician who wrote two songs that were later popularized by Clapton, 'After Midnight' and 'Cocaine.'
- JJ Cale (June 2, 2009). JJ Cale Has a Passion for Music, Not the Spotlight (TRANSCRIPT). Interview with Maureen Cavanaugh; Hank Crook; Kurt Kohnen. These Days. KPBS-FM. San Diego, California. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
CAVANAUGH: And – and do you have a home studio up in Valley Center now? CALE: Yes, I do. Yeah.
- "Sky King' star landed in Valley Center". Union Tribune. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
- Valley Center Historical Society and Valley Center History Museum
- Valley Center Chamber of Commerce
- Valley Center Happenings Valley Center's Community Website
- Valley Roadrunner Weekly newspaper published for the Valley Center, Pala and Pauma Valley California areas.
- Valley Center Western Days
- Valley Center Stampede Rodeo Official site of the Valley Center Stampede Rodeo.